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Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Aug 22, 2013 U.S. Is Suing in Texas Cases Over Voting by Minorities
QUOTE: The Justice Department said it would file paperwork to become a co-plaintiff in an existing lawsuit brought by civil rights groups and Texas lawmakers against a Texas redistricting plan. Separately, the department said, it filed a new lawsuit over a state law requiring voters to show photo identification.
New York Times Jul 05, 2013 After Ruling, States Rush to Enact Voting Laws
QUOTE: State officials across the South are aggressively moving ahead with new laws requiring voters to show photo identification at the polls after the Supreme Court decision striking down a portion of the Voting Rights Act. The Republicans who control state legislatures throughout the region say such laws are needed to prevent voter fraud. But such fraud is extremely rare, and Democrats are concerned that the proposed changes will make it harder for many poor voters and members of minorities — who tend to vote Democratic — to cast their ballots in states that once discriminated against black voters with poll taxes and literacy tests.
New York Times Jun 26, 2013 Supreme Court Bolsters Gay Marriage With Two Major Rulings
QUOTE: In a pair of major victories for the gay rights movement, the Supreme Court on Wednesday ruled that married same-sex couples were entitled to federal benefits and, by declining to decide a case from California, effectively allowed same-sex marriages there. The rulings leave in place laws banning same-sex marriage around the nation, and the court declined to say whether there was a constitutional right to such unions.
New York Times Jan 29, 2013 Obama Urges Speed on Immigration Plan, but Exposes Conflicts
QUOTE: Seizing an opening to rewrite the nation’s immigration laws, President Obama challenged Congress on Tuesday to act swiftly to put 11 million illegal immigrants living in the United States on a clear path to citizenship. But his push for speedy action and his silence on proposals to defer the opportunity for legal residency until the country’s borders are deemed secure provoked criticism from a Republican leader on the issue.
New York Times Dec 09, 2012 Same-Sex Issue Pushes Justices Into Overdrive
QUOTE: The speed with which the court is moving has some gay rights advocates bracing for a split decision. The court could strike down the federal law, the Defense of Marriage Act, saying that the meaning of marriage is a matter for the states to decide. At the same time, it could reject the idea that the Constitution requires states to allow same-sex marriage, saying that the meaning of marriage is a matter for the states to decide....However the court rules in the California case, its very decision to consider it is a change from the caution of an earlier era.
New York Times Mar 11, 2012 Cry, the Beloved Constitution (Op-Ed)
QUOTE: Both liberals and conservatives have the American Constitution in the cross hairs. They assault the Constitution in their different ways, each with damaging effects on our nation. Conservatives attack the courts on one hand and seek to have them advance their activist agenda on the other. Liberals, when it suits them, embrace rights that have not been enumerated in the Constitution and cry for restraint only when their pet bills come under fire. The result is a national jurisprudence whetted by political appetite, with our democratic values as the victims.
International Herald Tribune (IHT) Dec 15, 2011 Arizona sheriff faces federal allegations of discrimination against Latinos
QUOTE: Arizona's Maricopa County Sheriff's Office, under the leadership of Sheriff Joe Arpaio, has engaged in systemic discrimination against Latinos...A comprehensive investigation found the practices include "unlawful stops, detentions and arrests of Latinos,"...
CNN (Cable News Network) Aug 12, 2011 Health Law Is Dealt Blow by a Court on Mandate
QUOTE: The provision in President Obama’s health care law requiring Americans to buy health insurance or face tax penalties was ruled unconstitutional on Friday by the United States Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit, in Atlanta. It was the first appellate review to find the provision unconstitutional — a previous federal appeals court upheld the law...
New York Times Jul 01, 2011 Divided appeals court strikes down Michigan's affirmative action ban
QUOTE: A divided federal appeals court on Friday struck down Michigan's controversial ban on consideration of race and gender in college admissions....The affirmative action ban was passed five years ago in a referendum and was added to the state's constitution...
CNN (Cable News Network) Apr 03, 2011 Wholesale Robbery in Liquor Sales
QUOTE: The law would protect not small stores and liquor producers, but the wholesale liquor lobby... This proposal would allow discrimination against out-of-state producers and retailers if lawmakers can prove that such laws advance “a legitimate local purpose that cannot be adequately served by reasonable nondiscriminatory alternatives.”
New York Times Dec 13, 2010 Judge Voids Key Element of Obama Health Care Law
QUOTE: The judge, Henry E. Hudson of Federal District Court in Richmond, said the law’s requirement that most Americans obtain insurance exceeded the regulatory authority granted to Congress under the Commerce Clause... “Neither the Supreme Court nor any federal circuit court of appeals has extended Commerce Clause powers to compel an individual to involuntarily enter the stream of commerce by purchasing a commodity in the private market.”
New York Times Dec 08, 2010 LAWA Land: The Supreme Court hears about Arizona's other controversial immigration law.
QUOTE: The Supreme Court busies itself today with that law's Mini-Me, the 2007 Legal Arizona Workers Act, which goes much further than federal immigration law in sanctioning state employers who hire illegal workers. Both today's case and the one the court will inevitably hear about SB 1070 test the same general proposition: Does federal immigration law pre-empt—or preclude—the states from passing their own, tougher immigration laws?
Slate Jun 30, 2010 Black Landowners Fight to Reclaim Georgia Home
QUOTE: n 1942, Harris Neck, a thriving community of black landowners who hunted, farmed and gathered oysters, was taken by the federal government to build an airstrip. Now, the elders — who remember barefoot childhoods spent climbing trees and waking to watch the Canada geese depart in formation — want to know why they cannot have it back.
New York Times Jun 18, 2010 Justice Dept. Will Fight Arizona on Immigration
QUOTE: The Obama administration has decided to file a lawsuit to strike down a new Arizona law aimed at deporting illegal immigrants, thrusting itself into the fierce national debate over how the United States should enforce immigration policies.
New York Times May 24, 2010 What's behind Rand Paul's confusion
QUOTE: [Rand] Paul thrust us into one of thorniest corners of that larger question: What's the government's role in regulating how private actors -- private individuals and the private sector -- treat people of another race. The framers of the 14th Amendment wouldn't go there; in 1868, America wasn't ready for it.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 18, 2010 Supreme Court restricts life without parole for juveniles
QUOTE: Juveniles may not be sentenced to life in prison without parole for any crime short of homicide, the Supreme Court ruled yesterday, expanding its command that young offenders must be treated differently from adults even for heinous crimes.
Washington Post Mar 03, 2010 Supreme Court does more wrangling with gun laws
QUOTE: The same members of the Supreme Court who ruled two years ago that the Second Amendment provides an individual right to own a firearm seemed ready Tuesday to ensure that state and local gun-control laws do not interfere with it. But a majority also indicated that the states may have "broader interests" in restricting gun ownership than the federal government.
Washington Post Oct 09, 2009 Marijuana Licensing Fails to Chase the Shadows
QUOTE: Those engaged in the experiment [by selling marijuana] here [now legal in New Mexico] never know if they will be arrested, because growing, selling and using marijuana remain illegal under federal law. And robbery is always a fear.
New York Times Oct 01, 2009 Supreme Court decision may open up other gun laws to challenges
QUOTE: The Supreme Court's decision Wednesday to hear a 2nd Amendment challenge to Chicago's handgun ban could open the door to similar lawsuits in cities and states across the nation.
Los Angeles Times Aug 20, 2009 The 21 Club: Drinking laws
QUOTE: In the past, states have been too fiscally timid to challenge the 21 law. But calls for change are growing louder.
Economist Aug 10, 2009 Disabled Students Are Spanked More
QUOTE: More than 200,000 schoolchildren are paddled, spanked or subjected to other physical punishment each year, and disabled students get a disproportionate share of the treatment, according to a new study.
New York Times Jun 23, 2009 Illegal immigrants netted by local police could be released: The Obama administration directive comes as the president begins to assert control of the immigration issue.
QUOTE: Some undocumented immigrants swept up on minor charges such as fishing without a license won’t face federal detention. Instead, they’ll be released on their own recognizance... could affect at least some of the 66 US law enforcement jurisdictions that are part of a controversial program which, in essence, deputizes local police to act as de facto immigration agents.
Christian Science Monitor Sep 19, 2008 Drug Label, Maimed Patient and Crucial Test for Justices
QUOTE: In legal jargon, the cases concern “pre-emption,” a doctrine that can bar injured consumers like Ms. Levine from suing in state court when the products that hurt them had met federal standards. The issue is less boring and more consequential than it sounds, and Ms. Levine’s case is shaping up to be the most important business case of the term.
New York Times May 19, 2008 Court Upholds Tax Exemptions for Municipal Bonds
QUOTE: The outcome of the case was being closely watched by the municipal bond market, where the practice in question is commonplace. Nearly every state that has an income tax — 38 in all — chooses to exempt state bond interest from residents’ taxable income, while taxing the interest on other states’ bonds. All 49 other states supported Kentucky’s position that the practice is valid.
New York Times Feb 03, 2008 A Clearer Picture on Voter ID
QUOTE: Supporters of [the voter ID] policy argue that...election fraud will be reduced. Opponents of an ID requirement fear it will disenfranchise voters, especially the poor, members of minority groups and the elderly, who are less likely than other voters to have suitable identification.
New York Times Nov 28, 2007 A test of Maine regulations on Internet tobacco sales to minors: The US Supreme Court on Wednesday weighs whether the state law impedes interstate shipping.
QUOTE: The issue arrives Wednesday at the US Supreme Court, where the justices must decide whether Maine's effort to regulate tobacco sales on the Internet is preempted by a federal law that bars individual states from interfering in the operations of interstate shipping and transport companies.
Christian Science Monitor Oct 15, 2007 States' Immigrant Policies Diverge: In Differences, Some See Obstacles For a National Law
QUOTE: As the Bush administration and Congress sit gridlocked on an immigration overhaul, states are jumping into the debate as never before. In the process, they are creating a national patchwork of incongruous immigration laws that some observers fear will make it far more difficult to enact any comprehensive, federally mandated bill down the line.
Washington Post Oct 03, 2007 Texas Ruling Signals Halt to Executions Indefinitely
QUOTE: The reprieve by the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals was granted a week after the United States Supreme Court agreed to consider whether a form of lethal injection constituted cruel and unusual punishment barred under the Eighth Amendment.
New York Times Oct 02, 2007 N.J. Wants Rules for Health Plan Blocked: Lawsuit Says Children Would Suffer
QUOTE: Seven other states, including Maryland, promised to do the same if President Bush vetoes legislation that would renew and extend the State Children's Health Insurance Program. The program, known as SCHIP, targets children whose families earn too much to qualify for Medicaid but not enough to buy insurance.
Washington Post Aug 28, 2007 Spitzer Talks of Suing to Expand Health Plan
QUOTE: Gov. Eliot Spitzer said Monday that New York would consider suing federal health officials if the state was not granted a waiver to expand its federally subsidized health insurance program for children.
New York Times Aug 27, 2007 Surfers block Hawaii Superferry
QUOTE: The U.S. Coast Guard used force to secure waters around the harbor where swimmers and surfers created a human blockade that had prevented the Superferry's 350-foot-long vessel, the Alakai, from entering the harbor.
Honolulu Advertiser Aug 25, 2007 Newark Slayings Stoke Immigration Debate
QUOTE: ...New Jersey Attorney General Anne Milgram ordered all local authorities in the state to ask about immigration status after arrests on offenses including robbery, assault, rape, murder and drunken driving, and to notify federal officials if a suspect is in the country illegally.
Washington Post Apr 18, 2007 Supreme Court Ruling Limits State Control of Big Banks
QUOTE: The attorneys general and bank regulators of all 50 states had urged the justices to find the regulation out of bounds, either as a misinterpretation of the National Bank Act or as a matter of constitutional federalism. Consumer groups told the court that a decision upholding the federal agency's claimed power of pre-emption would displace state oversight at a time when the mortgage lending industry urgently needed close supervision. But by a vote of 5 to 3, the court held in an opinion by Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg that the assertion of regulatory power by the comptroller of the currency was fully, if implicitly, authorized by federal law.
New York Times Apr 11, 2007 Full Federal Appellate Court Will Revisit Abortion Issue in South Dakota
QUOTE: A South Dakota law that would require doctors to tell women seeking abortions that the procedure would “terminate the life of a whole, separate, unique, living human being” will be revisited today by the 11 judges of the federal appeals court in St. Louis.
New York Times Nov 04, 2006 Kennedys Choice: The Roberts Court Takes on Abortion
QUOTE: "THE arguments the Supreme Court will hear on Wednesday on the constitutionality of the federal Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act promise much more than a resumption of a familiar debate over a method of terminating a pregnancy."
New York Times Aug 03, 2006 Strong-Arming the Vote
QUOTE: party politics certainly appears to have been a driving force in a legal maneuver it just pulled off in Alabama, where it persuaded a federal judge to take important election powers away from the Democratic secretary of state and give them to a Republican governor.
New York Times Jul 10, 2006 States try to block illegal workers
QUOTE: At least 30 states have passed laws or taken other steps this year to crack down on illegal immigrants, often making it harder for undocumented workers to find jobs or receive public services.
USA TODAY Jul 05, 2006 Bullies Along the Potomac
QUOTE: ...several recent federal actions have seriously weakened the states' efforts to protect health and the environment...bar states from addressing food-borne hazards,...limits on greenhouse-gas emissions from cars...authority over prescription drug labels...
New York Times Jun 14, 2006 With Oregon timber sale, controversy flares: A US auction of fire-damaged trees renews a forest-management debate.
QUOTE: Congress is moving toward allowing more salvage logging in roadless federal forest areas...But many forest ecologists say such logging inhibits natural regeneration, resulting in young, even-age forests more prone to future fires.
Christian Science Monitor Jun 14, 2006 Bill would limit consumers' credit rights
QUOTE: Congress is considering pre-empting laws in 17 states that allow anyone to freeze their own credit and instead restricting the privilege to ID theft victims...But critics say the bill tramples states' rights and undermines the consumer-protection role of state attorney generals.
USA TODAY Feb 12, 2006 Katrina Report Spreads Blame: Homeland Security, Chertoff Singled Out
QUOTE: Hurricane Katrina exposed the U.S. government's failure to learn the lessons of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, as leaders from President Bush down disregarded ample warnings of the threat to New Orleans and did not execute emergency plans or share information that would have saved lives...
Washington Post Jan 19, 2006 FDA Tries to Limit Drug Suits in State Courts: Agency's 'Federal Preemption' Policy Included in Labeling Guidelines for Medications
QUOTE: People who believe they were injured by drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration should not be allowed to sue drug companies in state courts, the agency said...
Washington Post Jan 18, 2006 Justices Uphold Oregon Assisted-Suicide Law: In a Blow to Administration, Ruling Paves Way for Other States to Follow Suit
QUOTE: The Supreme Court upheld Oregon's law on physician-assisted suicide yesterday, ruling that the Justice Department may not punish doctors who help terminally ill patients end their lives.
Washington Post Jan 01, 2006 Peace Turns Aceh Rebels Into Civilians: Pact Raises Hope in Long-Troubled Indonesian Province, but Challenges Remain
QUOTE: On Aug. 15, the Indonesian government and the rebels of the Free Aceh Movement, known by their Indonesian initials as GAM, signed a historic peace deal...ended a 29-year conflict that had taken 15,000 lives, mostly civilian. The rebels agreed to give up their quest for independence, in exchange for a law that gives Aceh a greater measure of autonomy.
Washington Post Dec 27, 2005 S.D. Makes Abortion Rare Through Laws And Stigma: Out-of-State Doctors Come Weekly to 1 Clinic
QUOTE: As national leaders on both sides of the abortion debate focus on the upcoming Supreme Court nomination hearings of Samuel A. Alito Jr., they are watching states such as South Dakota pass more and more restrictions that might be upheld by a newly constituted, more conservative Supreme Court.
Washington Post Dec 05, 2005 Documents Highlight Bush-Blanco Standoff
QUOTE: Shortly after noon on Aug. 31, Louisiana Sen. David Vitter (R) delivered a message that stunned aides to Gov. Kathleen Babineaux Blanco (D), who were frantically managing the catastrophe that began two days earlier when Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf Coast....Thus began what one aide called a "full-court press" to compel the first-term governor to yield control of her state National Guard -- a legal, political and personal campaign by White House staff that failed three days later when Blanco rejected the administration's terms...
Washington Post Dec 01, 2005 Roberts Seeks Middle Ground: Court Hears Appeal on Parental Notification of Abortion
QUOTE: The basic right to abortion, recognized by the court 32 years ago in Roe v. Wade , is not at stake, but the scope of the right may be. The New Hampshire parental notification law, passed in 2003, requires minors to tell a parent before they can get an abortion, unless a judge grants a "bypass."
Washington Post Nov 26, 2005 Students Ace State Tests, but Earn D's From U.S.
QUOTE: A comparison of state test results against the latest National Assessment of Educational Progress, a federal test mandated by the No Child Left Behind law, shows that wide discrepancies between the state and federal findings were commonplace....because states that fail to raise scores over time face serious sanctions, there is little incentive to make the exams difficult
New York Times Nov 22, 2005 Bush Administration Grants Leeway on 'No Child' Rules
QUOTE: The Bush administration has begun to ease some key rules for the controversial No Child Left Behind law, opening the door to a new way to rate schools, granting a few urban systems permission to provide federally subsidized tutoring and allowing certain states more time to meet teacher-quality requirements...a major response to critics who have called No Child Left Behind rigid and unworkable.
Washington Post Nov 10, 2005 Court Hears Paraplegic Inmate's Case
QUOTE: The Supreme Court heard oral arguments yesterday about whether states should have to pay damages if they fail to accommodate disabled prison inmates, hearing from a paraplegic Georgia prisoner who alleges his maximum-security cell is so small he is unable to turn his wheelchair or use the toilet.
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