Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Nov 23, 2013 Accord Reached With Iran to Halt Nuclear Program
QUOTE: The United States and five other world powers announced a landmark accord Sunday morning that would temporarily freeze Iran’s nuclear program and lay the foundation for a more sweeping agreement....aim of the accord, which is to last six months, is to give international negotiators time to pursue a more comprehensive pact that would ratchet back much of Iran’s nuclear program and ensure that it could be used only for peaceful purposes.
New York Times Nov 16, 2013 Growing Clamor About Inequities of Climate Crisis
QUOTE: From the time a scientific consensus emerged that human activity was changing the climate, it has been understood that the nations that contributed least to the problem would be hurt the most. Now, even as the possible consequences of climate change have surged — from the typhoons that have raked the Philippines and India this year to the droughts in Africa, to rising sea levels that threaten to submerge entire island nations — no consensus has emerged over how to rectify what many call “climate injustice.”
New York Times Nov 15, 2013 Japan Backs Off From Emissions Targets, Citing Fukushima Disaster
QUOTE: Japan took a major step back on Friday from earlier pledges to slash its greenhouse gas emissions, saying a shutdown of its nuclear power plants in the wake of the Fukushima disaster had made previous targets unattainable. The announcement cast a shadow over international talks underway in Warsaw aimed at fashioning a new global pact to address the threats of a changing climate.
New York Times Oct 18, 2013 US drone strikes violate international law, says UN: Report says 33 CIA attacks led to civilian deaths and casualties and says US protocols are 'hurdle to transparency'
QUOTE: A United Nations investigation has so far identified 33 drone strikes around the world that have resulted in civilian casualties and may have violated international humanitarian law. The report by the UN's special rapporteur on human rights and counter-terrorism, Ben Emmerson QC, calls on the US to declassify information about operations co-ordinated by the CIA and clarify its positon on the legality of unmanned aerial attacks.
Guardian Unlimited Sep 26, 2013 Qatar World Cup construction 'will leave 4,000 migrant workers dead': Exclusive: International Trade Union Confederation claims about 12 labourers will die each week unless action is taken
QUOTE: Qatar's construction frenzy ahead of the 2022 World Cup is on course to cost the lives of at least 4,000 migrant workers before a ball is kicked, the International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC) has claimed....The annual death toll among those working on building sites could rise to 600 a year – almost a dozen a week – unless the Doha government makes urgent reforms, it says.
Guardian Unlimited May 23, 2012 Law of the Sea Treaty Is Found on Capitol Hill, Again
QUOTE: Thirty years after it was signed in Montego Bay, Jamaica, the United Nations treaty that governs the world’s oceans is undergoing one of its periodic resurrections in Congress... The Senate has never ratified the treaty...its opponents — a handful of conservative Republicans who view it as an infringement on American sovereignty...
New York Times Dec 20, 2011 Finding Fault in the Palestinian Messages That Aren’t So Public
QUOTE: For years, many Israeli and Palestinian analysts have said that what Palestinian leaders tell their own people in their own language — as opposed to English-language statements tailored to opinion in the rest of the world — is the truest reflection of their actual beliefs. This has had the effect of further entrenching the sides to the conflict and undermining confidence that it can ever be resolved.
New York Times Nov 09, 2011 Iran's nuclear program alarms world powers
QUOTE: no evidence that Iran has decided to actually build a bomb. But its nuclear program is more ambitious and structured, and more progress has been made than previously known....Iranian officials slammed the nuclear watchdog agency's report as a fabrication aimed at satisfying U.S. allegations about Iran's nuclear program.
CNN (Cable News Network) Jul 18, 2011 Are some countries abusing Interpol?
QUOTE: Some of these nations are using Red Notices to pursue political opponents or economic targets, according to a five-month investigation by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists. Because of the way Interpol is structured, there can be little recourse for those who are unjustly targeted.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 31, 2011 Pentagon to Consider Cyberattacks Acts of War
QUOTE: The Pentagon, trying to create a formal strategy to deter cyberattacks on the United States, plans to issue a new strategy soon declaring that a computer attack from a foreign nation can be considered an act of war that may result in a military response.
New York Times Jan 31, 2011 Europe's Carbon Emissions Trading -- Growing Pains or Wholesale Theft?
QUOTE: this month's mass theft of E.U. allowances (EUAs) from some national registries has gotten the broader carbon trading community very much up in arms. Many are blasting some nation members of the European Commission for not taking the threat seriously...
New York Times Dec 14, 2010 To Conquer Wind Power, China Writes the Rules
QUOTE: Chinese companies acquire the latest Western technology by various means and then take advantage of government policies to become the world’s dominant, low-cost suppliers. It is a pattern that many economists say could be repeated in other fields, like high-speed trains and nuclear reactors, unless China changes the way it plays the technology development game — or is forced to by its global trading partners.
New York Times Dec 11, 2010 Climate Talks End With Modest Deal on Emissions
QUOTE: The package known as the Cancún Agreements gives the more than 190 countries participating in the conference another year to decide whether to extend the frayed Kyoto Protocol, the 1997 agreement that requires most wealthy nations to trim their emissions while providing assistance to developing countries to pursue a cleaner energy future.
New York Times Jun 24, 2010 Talks on reducing whale hunting break down
QUOTE: Three years of talks aimed at reducing whaling activity by Japan, Norway and Iceland broke down Wednesday, leaving management of the population of the world's largest animals essentially in the hands of whale hunters.
Washington Post May 18, 2010 Somalia pirates' clash with Russian navy reveals a gap in rule of law
QUOTE: Pirates are hard to convict because evidence at sea is hard to collect, because ship captains have other priorities and because the nearest working courts, in Kenya and the Seychelles, are overwhelmed by pirate cases. Pirates are also being released because they are learning to work the international legal system...
Washington Post Nov 16, 2009 A Case in Antiquities for ‘Finders Keepers’ (Findings)
QUOTE: These gestures [giving back artifacts to the original country] may make immediate pragmatic sense for museum curators worried about getting excavation permits and avoiding legal problems. But is this trend ultimately good for archaeology?
New York Times Aug 20, 2009 Splashing, and clashing, in murky waters: Piracy and private enterprise
QUOTE: for strategists grappling with the diminished safety of the world’s seas... figuring out a sensible and workable division of labour between navies and private firms is not easy.
Economist Aug 13, 2009 Unleashing the laws of war: The Geneva conventions at 60
QUOTE: some inevitably question whether the Geneva conventions and their later protocols are really suited to today’s conflicts.
Economist Aug 06, 2009 Struggling to hold up a bank: The trouble with nuclear fuel
QUOTE: all [efforts to get rid of nuclear missiles] will be in vain unless better ways can be found to deal with a practical problem as old as the nuclear age: how to stop nuclear technologies that can be used legitimately for making electricity from being abused for bomb-making. Efforts to tackle it are in a muddle.
Economist Jul 30, 2009 British Foreign Secretary: Clinton threatened to cut-off intelligence-sharing if torture evidence is disclosed
QUOTE: both the Bush and Obama administrations had threatened to cut off intelligence-sharing with Britain if those facts (of the possible torture of former Guantanamo inmate Binyam Mohamed) were disclosed, even as part of a court proceeding.
Salon Jul 28, 2009 The Future of Cyber Security: What Are the Rules of Engagement? (Duel Perspectives)
QUOTE: In a battle where the militarized zone exists solely in the ether(net) and where anyone can wield the cyber-equivalent of a 10-ton bomb, how do we fight, let alone find, the enemy? What standard of proof will be used to determine the origin of an anonymous attack?
Wired Jul 21, 2009 Climate Conundrum: How to Get India to Play Ball
QUOTE: Jairam Ramesh, the Indian Environment and Forestry Minister, had other ideas. With Clinton standing by, Ramesh told reporters that India was in no position to reduce its rising levels of carbon-dioxide emissions, and that the West — which had polluted with impunity for decades — was in no position to dictate reductions to developing poor countries.
Time Magazine Jun 30, 2009 Does Israel Mistreat Palestinian Child Prisoners?
QUOTE: The report [from Defense for Children International] states that "the ill-treatment and torture" of Palestinian child prisoners [in Israel] "appears to be widespread, systematic and institutionalized, suggesting complicity at all levels of the political and military chain of command."
Time Magazine Jun 27, 2009 Cyberwar: U.S. and Russia Differ on a Treaty for Cyberspace
QUOTE: Any agreement on cyberspace presents special difficulties because the matter touches on issues like censorship of the Internet, sovereignty and rogue actors who might not be subject to a treaty. United States officials say the disagreement over approach has hindered international law enforcement cooperation, particularly given that a significant proportion of the attacks against American government targets are coming from China and Russia.
New York Times Jun 25, 2009 A new (under) class of travellers: Migration and climate change
QUOTE: The scale of the likely population shift [due to climate change] raises big questions. Will climate-change migrants be recognised?
Economist Jun 10, 2009 N. Korean Women Who Flee to China Suffer in Stateless Limbo: Many Are Sold Into Marriage
QUOTE: North Korea regards them [North Korean women] as criminals for leaving. China refuses to recognize them as refugees, sending many back to face interrogation, hard labor and sometimes torture.
Washington Post Jan 21, 2009 Obama Orders Halt to Prosecutions at Guantánamo
QUOTE: the order came from the Secreatary of Defense, Robert M. Gates, “by order of the president.” It described the halt in all proceedings as designed “to permit the newly inaugurated president and his administration time to review the military commission process, generally, and the cases currently pending before the military commissions, specifically.”
New York Times Jan 02, 2009 Countries in tug-of-war over Arctic resources
QUOTE: One of the planet's most fragile and pristine ecosystems sits atop a bounty of untapped fossil fuels...And the fight over who owns those resources may turn out to be the most important territorial dispute of this century. Russia, Canada, the United States, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Iceland and Finland all have a stake in the Arctic's icy real estate.
CNN (Cable News Network) Dec 20, 2008 Truce in Gaza Ends, but May Be Revived by Necessity
QUOTE: Israel and Hamas accuse each other of bad faith and of violations of the Egyptian-mediated accord, and each side has a point. Rockets from Gaza never stopped entirely during the truce, and Israel never allowed a major renewed flow of goods into Gaza, crippling its economy. This is at least partly because the agreement had no mutually agreed text or enforcement mechanism; neither side wanted to grant the legitimacy to the other that such a document would imply.
New York Times Nov 28, 2008 Legal Hurdles in West Slow Pursuit of Pirates
QUOTE: bureaucratic and legal hurdles facing international institutions and national governments have so far defeated most efforts to deal with the nimble crews of pirates in speedboats....But some legal experts in Germany said that the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea and an existing United Nations mandate to combat Somali piracy already provided all the legal cover necessary for muscular action against the pirates.
New York Times Nov 27, 2008 Dot Earth: The (Tuna) Tragedy of the Commons
QUOTE: in a world seeking to manage limited, shared natural resources while also spurring economic growth — whether the resource is the global atmosphere or an extraordinary half-ton, ocean-roaming predator. The European stance — insisting on a harvest in the eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean 50 percent above the limit recommended by scientists — was sharply criticized by environmental campaigners, marine biologists and United States fisheries officials.
New York Times Jul 17, 2008 Court Orders U.S. to Halt Execution of 5 Mexicans
QUOTE: A U.N. court ruled Wednesday that the United States should halt the executions of five Mexican nationals -- including a convicted killer sentenced to die in three weeks -- until their cases can be reviewed.
Washington Post May 28, 2008 111 Nations, Minus the U.S., Agree to Cluster-Bomb Ban
QUOTE: More than 100 countries reached agreement Wednesday to ban cluster bombs, controversial weapons that human rights groups deplore but that the United States, which did not join the ban, calls an integral, legitimate part of its arsenal.
Washington Post May 21, 2008 U.S. deserter faces deportation from Canada
QUOTE: National Guard Sgt. Corey Glass, 25, says he fled to Toronto in 2006 after serving in Iraq because he did not want to fight in a war he did not support.
CNN (Cable News Network) Apr 22, 2008 Detainees Allege Being Drugged, Questioned: U.S. Denies Using Injections for Coercion
QUOTE: The Defense Department and the CIA, the two agencies responsible for detaining terrorism suspects, both deny using drugs as an enhancement for interrogations, and suggest that the stories from Nusairi and others like him are either fabrications or mistaken interpretations of routine medical treatment. Yet the allegations have resurfaced because of the release this month of a 2003 Justice Department memo that explicitly condoned the use of drugs on detainees.
Washington Post Oct 23, 2007 Court Strikes Down ‘Volkswagen Law’
QUOTE: Striking down one of Europe’s most visible symbols of economic protectionism, the European Court of Justice ruled today that a German law shielding Volkswagen from a hostile takeover illegally restricts the free flow of capital within Europe.
New York Times Oct 05, 2007 Tough Stance Is Urged On Nuclear Pact With India
QUOTE: Key lawmakers have written a bipartisan House resolution that urges a group of nations engaged in nuclear trade to place toughly worded constraints on future nuclear dealings with India.
Washington Post Sep 18, 2007 World Bank and U.N. to Help Poor Nations Recover Stolen Assets
QUOTE: The World Bank and the United Nations announced Monday that they were setting up a system to help developing nations recover assets stolen and sent abroad by corrupt leaders that amount to an estimated $40 billion a year.
New York Times Sep 04, 2007 Mexican trucks poised to ride into U.S.: Key lawmaker seeks to halt NAFTA program
QUOTE: Critics say the one-year experiment to test the free-trade measure will unleash a flood of dangerous trucks. It would, they say, increase illegal immigration and drug smuggling and threaten to expose the country to terrorists.
Arizona Republic Sep 03, 2007 On Two Fronts, One Nuclear, Iran Is Defiant
QUOTE: There have been reports that the Bush administration is considering declaring the Revolutionary Guards a terrorist organization, opening the way to further economic sanctions against Iran because the Guards are involved in nearly every aspect of the state-controlled economy.
New York Times Aug 27, 2007 Will Finders Be Keepers of Salvaged Treasure? 17-Ton Haul of Silver and Gold From Atlantic Pits U.S. Firm Against Spain
QUOTE: Spanish officials, convinced that the loot could be Spain's, filed suit in the United States to force disclosure of the wreck's name and location, block future recovery efforts and claim what has already been hauled up. The Spanish coast guard has effectively barricaded Odyssey's main salvage vessel, the 251-foot Odyssey Explorer, in the port of Britain's overseas territory of Gibraltar, by threatening to seize it if it ventures out.
Washington Post Aug 23, 2007 Gambling Dispute With a Tiny Country Puts U.S. in a Bind
QUOTE: More than a few people in Washington initially dismissed as absurd the idea that the trade organization could claim jurisdiction over something as basic as a country’s own policies toward gambling… But a W.T.O. panel ruled against the United States in 2004… and declared Washington out of compliance with its rules.
New York Times May 11, 2007 Bush and Democrats in Accord on Trade Deals
QUOTE: The unusual agreement, which came after weeks of negotiations, would guarantee workers the right to organize, ban child labor and prohibit forced labor in trading-partner countries. It would also require trading partners to enforce environmental laws already on their books and comply with several international environmental agreements.
New York Times Apr 18, 2007 Memo From Paris: U.S. Missile Deals Bypass, and Annoy, European Union
QUOTE: The European Union is upset because Washington is negotiating bilaterally with Poland and the Czech Republic about something that affects Europe as a whole. The union has been trying for years to patch together a coherent European security and defense policy independent of NATO, and it doesn’t help when member states start cutting deals with Washington on their own.
New York Times Feb 16, 2007 Backlash grows against free trade: A record US trade deficit is rekindling the globalization debate.
QUOTE: "There was a time 10 years ago when it seemed like globalization was consensual, and there were very few remaining questions about whether it was ... a good thing," says Jeffry Frieden, an expert on global economics at Harvard University. The reality, he says, includes a caveat: Trade "can make everyone better off, so long as you compensate the losers."
Christian Science Monitor Feb 07, 2007 U.S. Declines to Join Accord on Secret Detentions: 58 Nations Sign Separate Pact On Child Soldiers
QUOTE: Representatives from 57 countries on Tuesday signed a long-negotiated treaty prohibiting governments from holding people in secret detention. The United States declined to endorse the document, saying its text did not meet U.S. expectations.
Washington Post Jan 27, 2007 Lethal-Force Order Justified, Bush Says: President Says Iran Poses Threat in Iraq
QUOTE: President Bush yesterday defended a Pentagon program to kill or capture Iranian operatives inside Iraq, saying that U.S. troops would use all necessary measures to protect themselves and Iraqi civilians from harm.
Washington Post Dec 23, 2006 The Slaves in Our Midst
QUOTE: The State Department gets fingered because so many of today's human traffickers and slavers are diplomats, flaunting U.S. and local laws, under the protective shield of the department's interpretation of diplomatic immunity....egregious labor exploitation by diplomats in Washington.
Washington Post Dec 21, 2006 Outsize Profits, and Questions, in Effort to Cut Warming Gases
QUOTE: Cleaning up this factory will require an incinerator that costs $5 million... Yet the foreign companies will pay roughly $500 million for the incinerator....With so much money flowing to a few particularly lucrative cleanup deals, the danger is that they will distract attention from the broader effort to curb global warming gases, and that the lure of quick profit will encourage short-term fixes at the expense of fundamental, long-run solutions...
New York Times Dec 14, 2006 Why Israel maintains nuclear ambiguity: Ehud Olmert's apparent admission that Israel has nukes calls into question the country's longtime vow of silence.
QUOTE: fragility of one of Israel's most finely tuned defense policies, a doctrine of nuclear ambiguity that has enabled Israel to deter foes for decades in a region with only one alleged nuclear power.
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