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Communist Party of China (CPC)

Self Description

<p>September 2003: "Founded in July 1921, the CPC today has more than 66 million members and over 3.5 million basic organizations. The ruling party of the PRC, the CPC holds a National Congress every five years to elect a Central Committee that in turn elects a Political Bureau led by a Standing Committee.&nbsp; The nine new members of the Politburo Standing Committee elected at the 16th National Congress of the CPC in November 2002: Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Wen Jiabao, Jia Qinglin, Zeng Qinghong, Huang Ju, Wu Guanzheng, Li Changchun, and Luo Gan. The new Constitution of the CPC, amended and adopted at the 16th CPC National Congress on November 14, 2002, specifies that the CPC takes as its guide to action Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of the "Three Represents." (The Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)" <a href=""></a></p>

Third-Party Descriptions

December 2011: "For the first time on record, the Chinese Communist party has lost all control, with the population of 20,000 in this southern fishing village now in open revolt."

December 2010: 'Another kind of "spam" occurs in open message boards, or in user-ranked content services like Digg. Some companies or organizations that want to "astro-turf" an opinion or idea may send legions of fans, employees or paid posters to overwhelm a topic with that point of view. One of the best known is the Chinese government's so-called 50 Cent Army [8] , which involves thousands of people paid to post pro-Chinese Communist Party opinions on message boards and social media sites inside China and around the world.'

June 2010: 'Titled “Understanding Journalistic Protocols for Covering Breaking News,” the speech was intended to help budding journalists understand Xinhua’s dual mission: to give Chinese leaders a fast and accurate picture of current events and to deftly manipulate that picture for the public to ensure social harmony, and by extension, the Communist Party’s hold on power.'

July 2008: "During the brief period of openness in late May and early June, parents marched with photos of their children and gathered at the wreckage of schools to hold memorial services. They held sit-ins outside government buildings. In one town, the top Communist Party leader got down on his knees and begged parents to stop a march, but they refused."

January 2008: "The nascent movement, although tiny within a peasant population of 700 million, has confronted the Chinese Communist Party with a difficult challenge: If the experience of the past 30 years has shown the wisdom of privatizing state-owned industry and moving toward a market economy, why would it not be wise to privatize the land and bring it into the market economy, as well?"

September 2007: Li, 31, a short, slight native of the nearby countryside who has big, round eyes, fell victim to the Communist Party's enduring determination to decide what Chinese people can read or hear, sing or say, write or perform. His travails were not unusual for modern China, even in a backwater town far from the center of power in Beijing. More than a quarter-century after Deng Xiaoping launched the country on a course of drastic reforms, the party at all levels has clung to rigid censorship over information and art -- including folk songs in a dialect only the locals understand.

August 2007: BEIJING, Aug. 16 -- Determined to have good news about the Olympics, the Communist Party ordered local journalists to emphasize the positive side of Friday's million-car driving ban.

August 2007: Both steps are officially aimed at fighting crime and developing better controls on an increasingly mobile population, including the nearly 10 million peasants who move to big cities each year. But they could also help the Communist Party retain power by maintaining tight controls on an increasingly prosperous population at a time when street protests are becoming more common.

June 2007: The Communist Party’s monopoly union, known as the All-China Federation of Trade Unions, is a legacy of China’s socialist planned economy. It is an official state organization charged with overseeing workers that in practice has tended either to play no role whatsoever or to help managers monitor and control workers.

November 2005: 'The Chinese Communist Party, at the beginning, organized workers and farmers and used them to rise to power, but now we represent the workers and farmers, and the party is very afraid of us,' said Zhao Xin, a student leader in 1989 and now executive director of the Empowerment and Rights Institute, which advised Taishi farmers.


RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Organization Executive (past or present) Zhou Enlai Person Sep 10, 2011
Opponent (past or present) Dr. Terri Marsh Ph.D. Person Sep 4, 2011
Organization Executive (past or present) Deng Xiaoping Person Sep 10, 2011
Organization Executive (past or present) Hu Yaobang Person Sep 10, 2011
Opponent (past or present) Sun Yat-sen Person Sep 24, 2004
Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Chairman Mao Zedong Person Jul 24, 2011

Articles and Resources

36 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 16]

Date Resource Read it at:
Dec 13, 2011 Inside Wukan: the Chinese village that fought back: Something extraordinary has happened in the Chinese village of Wukan.

QUOTE: For the first time on record, the Chinese Communist party has lost all control, with the population of 20,000 in this southern fishing village now in open revolt....The plan appears to be to lay siege to Wukan and choke a rebellion which began three months ago when an angry mob, incensed at having the village’s land sold off, rampaged through the streets and overturned cars.

Daily Telegraph
Apr 27, 2011 Great Leap Backward

QUOTE: First, the government is arresting not only dissidents and Christians but also their family members and even their lawyers. Second, after a long period in which police would torture working-class prisoners but usually not intellectuals, the authorities are again brutalizing white-collar dissidents.

New York Times
Apr 03, 2011 China Takes Dissident Artist Into Custody

QUOTE: Rights advocates say the detentions are an ominous sign that the Communist Party’s six-week crackdown on rights lawyers, bloggers and dissidents is spreading to the upper reaches of Chinese society… “It’s an attempt to redefine the limits of what kind of criticism is tolerable,” he said. “The government is moving the goalposts and a lot of people are finding themselves targeted.”

New York Times
Dec 13, 2010 How spammers will poison your social network: Spammers wrecked e-mail, then they ruined search, and soon they'll go after your friends and family

QUOTE: your social graph is the next ripe target for shady marketers. As services increasingly enable you to search for things influenced by your social graph, spammer types will try to infiltrate your social group and sway the results. Here's how they'll do it:

Jun 03, 2010 In Leaked Lecture, Details of China’s News Cleanups

QUOTE: The content of Mr. Xia’s speech, transcribed and posted online by someone who attended the May 15 lecture at Tianjin Foreign Studies University, has become something of a sensation in recent days, providing the Chinese a rare insight into how their news is stage-managed for mass consumption.

New York Times
May 26, 2010 Trampled in a Land Rush, Chinese Resist

QUOTE: Protests like those in Laogucheng — including self-immolations and deadly standoffs — have forced officials to at least consider measures to make it harder to seize property and turn it over to developers without fully compensating those who live on it or use it. Effective confiscation of land nominally owned by the state, but farmed or lived on by the poor, has been a major source of unrest for the past two decades.

New York Times
May 05, 2009 For Chinese parents, few answers on quake deaths one year later: Officials have intimidated citizens trying to find out why so many schools collapsed or to compile a list of all the children killed.

QUOTE: Allegations [all related to Chinese earthquake] of shoddy building practices and corruption go unanswered; the dead remain officially unnamed, despite private efforts to identify them; parents who have pressed their right to know have been beaten and imprisoned.

Christian Science Monitor
Jul 11, 2008 Voice Seeking Answers for Parents About a School Collapse Is Silenced

QUOTE: A week later, plainclothes officers intercepted Mr. Huang on the street outside his home and stuffed him into a car. The police have informed his wife and mother that they are holding him on suspicion of illegally possessing state secrets. “They’ve been using this method for a long time,” said Zhang Jianping, a contributor to the Web site who has known Mr. Huang since 2005. Nobody knows the grounds for his arrest, but many people have the same idea. Mr. Zhang said, “It may be because the schools collapsed, and so many children died.”

New York Times
Jul 01, 2008 China Blocks U.S. Legislators’ Meeting

QUOTE: Two United States representatives who were in Beijing to lobby for the release of more than 700 political prisoners had hoped to have dinner on Sunday with a group of Chinese human rights lawyers. But security agents had a different idea: they detained some of the lawyers and warned the others to stay away.

New York Times
Jun 29, 2008 Anger Over Rape-Murder Case Sparks Riot in China

QUOTE: Thousands of people thronged a police station in southwestern China to protest the alleged coverup of a teenage girl's rape and murder, witnesses and officials reported Sunday. The crowd set fire to a government complex and several police vehicles.

Washington Post
Jun 26, 2008 The Starting Line: China Denies I.O.C. Criticism After Official’s Tibet Remarks (Rings)

QUOTE: The incident in question occurred Saturday during the controversial Lhasa leg of the Olympic torch relay, when Zhang Qinglin, the Communist Party leader of Tibet, said: “Tibet’s sky will never change and the red flag with five stars will forever flutter high above it. We will certainly be able to totally smash the splittist schemes of the Dalai Lama clique.”

New York Times
Jun 26, 2008 Farmer-Turned-Activist Plants Seeds of Reform (Innovators)

QUOTE: His main weapon was Chinese law, the letter of which offers many guarantees that, in practice, are often set aside by party leaders. In a country where the Communist Party crushes any attempt at forming associations outside its control, Lu's goal of spreading the word on how to use law books to oppose local leaders amounted to a relatively novel political challenge.

Washington Post
May 29, 2008 Citizens' Groups Step Up In China: Wary Rulers Allow Role in Quake Aid

QUOTE: Now, however, aided by the proliferation of online bulletin boards, blogs and on-the-ground coordination centers, unregistered grass-roots organizations are essentially functioning as legitimate earthquake-relief NGOs, operating for the first time without having to look over their shoulders and helping to manage a crisis whose death toll could surpass 80,000.

Washington Post
May 28, 2008 Parents’ Grief Turns to Rage at Chinese Officials

QUOTE: Parents of the estimated 10,000 children who lost their lives in the quake have grown so enraged about collapsed schools that they have overcome their usual caution about confronting Communist Party officials. Many say they are especially upset that some schools for poor students crumbled into rubble even though government offices and more elite schools not far away survived the May 12 quake largely intact.

New York Times
May 26, 2008 A Thwarted Search for Information: Man Hunting for His Only Child Finds Communist Party Officials Are Focused on Control, Not Aid

QUOTE: Along his journey, he has bumped up against a Communist Party that is extending the paternalistic control it exerts over citizens in life to the way millions behave in confronting death....With each day that Li waits, tensions grow between the government's need to keep order and the will of parents to protect and defend their most precious assets.

Washington Post
Jan 14, 2008 Farmers Rise In Challenge To Chinese Land Policy

QUOTE: The [land] redistribution exercise at Changchunling [on Dec. 19] was not an isolated incident. Rather, it marked what appears to be the start of a backlash against China's system of collective land ownership in rural areas.

Washington Post
Sep 10, 2007 For China's Censors, Electronic Offenders Are the New Frontier

QUOTE: The Public Security Ministry, which monitors the Internet under guidance from the Central Propaganda Department, has recruited an estimated 30,000 people to snoop on electronic communications. The ministry recently introduced two cartoon characters -- a male and female in police uniforms -- that it said would pop up on computer screens occasionally to remind people that their activity is being tracked.

Washington Post
Aug 17, 2007 Chinese Media Told to Play Up Positives of Traffic Test

QUOTE: The order... reflected the party's abiding determination to decide what information reaches the Chinese people...

Washington Post
Aug 14, 2007 Whistle-blower in China faces prison: Wu Lihong, a Chinese environmental activist, was sentenced Friday to three years in jail.

QUOTE: The treatment of Wu and other whistle-blowers who expose cases of environmental or public-health failings illuminate the Chinese political system's deep aversion to bearers of bad news.

Christian Science Monitor
Aug 12, 2007 In China, a High-Tech Plan to Track People

QUOTE: Security experts describe China’s plans as the world’s largest effort to meld cutting-edge computer technology with police work to track the activities of a population and fight crime. But they say the technology can be used to violate civil right

New York Times

36 Articles and Resources. Go to:  [Next 16]