Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF)
- Homepage: https://www.eff.org/
August 2007: "From the Internet to the iPod, technologies are transforming our society and empowering us as speakers, citizens, creators, and consumers. When our freedoms in the networked world come under attack, the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) is the first line of defense. EFF broke new ground when it was founded in 1990 — well before the Internet was on most people's radar — and continues to confront cutting-edge issues defending free speech, privacy, innovation, and consumer rights today. From the beginning, EFF has championed the public interest in every critical battle affecting digital rights.
Blending the expertise of lawyers, policy analysts, activists, and technologists, EFF achieves significant victories on behalf of consumers and the general public. EFF fights for freedom primarily in the courts, bringing and defending lawsuits even when that means taking on the US government or large corporations. By mobilizing more than 50,000 concerned citizens through our Action Center, EFF beats back bad legislation. In addition to advising policymakers, EFF educates the press and public. Sometimes just defending technologies isn't enough, so EFF also supports the development of freedom-enhancing inventions.
EFF is a donor-funded nonprofit and depends on your support to continue successfully defending your digital rights. Litigation is particularly expensive; because two-thirds of our budget comes from individual donors, every contribution is critical to helping EFF fight —and win—more cases."http://www.eff.org/about/
September 2001: Based in San Francisco, EFF is a donor-supported membership organization working to protect our fundamental rights regardless of technology; to educate the press, policymakers and the general public about civil liberties issues related to technology; and to act as a defender of those liberties. http://www.eff.org/abouteff.html
December 2013: "Similar legal challenges to the N.S.A. program, including by the American Civil Liberties Union and the advocacy group Electronic Frontier Foundation, are at earlier stages in the courts. Last month, the Supreme Court declined to hear an unusual challenge to the program by the Electronic Privacy Information Center, which had sought to bypass lower courts."http://www.nytimes.com/2013/12/17/us/politics/federal-judge-rules-against-nsa-phone-data-program.html
August 2013: "The question of whether the government can force a suspect to decrypt hard drives was thrust into the limelight earlier this year when federal authorities suspected a Wisconsin man of downloading child pornography from the file-sharing network e-Donkey. One federal judge ordered the defendant to decrypt as many as nine hard drives seized from the suspect’s suburban Milwaukee apartment. Another judge put that decision on hold to analyze the implications of whether the demand breached the Fifth Amendment right against compelled self incrimination."http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2013/08/forced-decryption-legal-battle/
October 2007: 'Kurt Opsahl, senior staff attorney for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, said: "It's inappropriate for the government to be awarding a contract conditioned upon an agreement to an illegal program. That truly is what's going on here."'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/10/12/AR2007101202485.html
May 2013: 'Some industry experts say consumers should have the right to modify their phones’ identification features to avoid being tracked. The right to change the identification is a “pro-privacy measure,” said Seth Schoen, a senior staff technologist at the Electronic Frontier Foundation,...'http://www.nytimes.com/2013/05/02/technology/cellphone-thefts-grow-but-the-industry-looks-the-other-way.html
March 2013: "The EFF has also come out swinging against CAS. The group says the system presents a number of troubling statements that don’t just hurt Internet users but the Internet for itself. For instance, the group points out that the CCI Web site tells people to lock down their Wi-Fi connections so others don’t pirate on your connection. The EFF sees this as an attack on the open Wi-Fi movement and it would be especially troublesome for those who do share their Internet connections with others, like small businesses."http://www.webpronews.com/will-the-six-strikes-copyright-alert-system-actually-stop-piracy-2013-03
July 2012: "When WikiLeaks made its first big media appearance by publishing tens of thousands of top-secret diplomatic cables in 2010, we argued the group headed by controversial front man Julian Assange was a media entity, albeit an unusual one. The broader implications of this status extend far beyond the question of whether we support the organization or its motives: As a blog post at the Electronic Frontier Foundation points out, threats aimed at WikiLeaks are by implication also threats to any other media outlet that dares to publish government information. And some members of Congress say they want to make this connection explicit by changing laws so that journalists can also be sanctioned."http://gigaom.com/2012/07/24/first-they-came-for-wikileaks-then-the-new-york-times/
January 2012: 'Jillian C. York, director for international freedom of expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a civil liberties group, successfully tried this herself after Twitter announced its new approach. “Unfortunately it is a necessary evil when offering a service in certain countries,” Ms. York said of the new system.'http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/28/technology/when-twitter-blocks-tweets-its-outrage.html
December 2011: "Hanni Fakhoury, a lawyer with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, based in San Francisco, which filed a brief in support of the defendant’s motion to dismiss the case, said he was heartened by the distinction that the judge drew between speech on a public platform, versus through e-mail or telephone."http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/16/technology/judge-dismisses-case-of-accused-twitter-stalker.html
June 2011: "EFF has designed this guide to help you understand your rights if officers try to search the data stored on your computer or portable electronic device, or seize it for further examination somewhere else."http://www.eff.org/wp/know-your-rights
May 2011: '"We have always had to completely trust our platform/operating system vendor," Chris Palmer, the technology director for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a digital rights group, wrote in an e-mail. "It will always be that way."'http://www.cnn.com/2011/TECH/mobile/05/12/kill.switch/index.html
February 2011: 'Many Web sites offer some support for encryption via “https,” but they make it difficult to use. To address these problems, the Electronic Frontier Foundation in collaboration with the Tor Project, another group concerned with Internet privacy, released in June an add-on to the browser Firefox, called Https Everywhere. The extension, which can be downloaded at eff.org/https-everywhere, makes “https” the stubbornly unchangeable default on all sites that support it.'http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/17/technology/personaltech/17basics.html
December 2010: '“There is tremendous concern about the climate of fear and uncertainty this is going to create,” said Peter Eckersley of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a civil liberties group. “It’s a troubling situation where basically any Web site that the Department of Homeland Security doesn’t like and is convinced has too much infringing material on it can just disappear overnight.”'http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/20/business/media/20music.html
December 2010: 'The Electronic Frontier Foundation, a group that advocates for Internet freedom of speech by defending court cases, said the axing certainly doesn't violate the First Amendment. But it is, according to senior staff attorney Kevin Bankston, "disappointing."'http://tpmmuckraker.talkingpointsmemo.com/2010/12/how_lieberman_got_amazon_to_drop_wikileaks.php
May 2010: "Even without cookies, popular browsers such as Internet Explorer and Firefox give Web sites enough information to get a unique picture of their visitors about 94 percent of the time, according to research compiled over the past few months by the Electronic Frontier Foundation."http://www.macworld.com/article/151328/2010/05/web_tracking.html
May 2010: 'There was an exemption from the disclosure requirements for what was called “operational” (defined as “a purpose reasonably necessary for the operation” of the company) or “transactional” (defined as “a purpose necessary for effecting, administering or enforcing” a transaction between company and customer). Those exceptions were “troubling,” said Peter Eckersley, senior staff technologist for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, one of these groups.'http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/05/business/media/05adco.html
April 2010: "No one has answered the question. I take the silence on this to mean that the answer is Yes, given the evidence of earlier Apple behavior plus the publication of an iPad application-developer agreement obtained by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a document that revealed control-freakery by Apple on a stunning level."http://mediactive.com/2010/04/08/complicating-relationships-in-media-apple-ny-times-dealings-raise-questions/
March 2010: "Technologists at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, who are working on a proposal to fix this whole problem, say hackers can use similar techniques to steal your money or your passwords. In that case, attackers are more likely to trick a Certificate Authority into issuing a certificate, a point driven home last year when two security researchers demonstrated how they could get certificates for any domain on the internet simply by using a special character in a domain name."http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/03/packet-forensics/
February 2010: "Freiwald, the ACLU, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, and the Center for Democracy and Technology filed briefs saying that the U.S. Constitution's Fourth Amendment provides Americans with at least some privacy protections that shield their whereabouts from police not armed with search warrants. The civil liberties groups also said that current law gives judges the flexibility to require search warrants based on probable cause."http://news.cnet.com/8301-13578_3-10453214-38.html
July 2009: "Three advocacy groups have asked Google to commit to protect the privacy of readers in its book search service, which is poised for a major expansion under a pending class-action settlement. The groups, the Electronic Frontier Foundation, the American Civil Liberties Union and the Samuelson Law, Technology and Public Policy Clinic at the University of California, Berkeley, have asked Google to limit the data it collects about users’ reading habits, to commit to protect reader records by handing them over only in response to subpoenas or court orders, and to put into effect measures giving users control of their data."http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/07/23/advocates-ask-google-for-privacy-guarantees-in-online-library/
July 2009: "California's new pay-as-you-drive plan has all kinds of consumer and environmental benefits, but privacy advocates like the EFF are concerned that drivers will end up forced into allowing Orwellian tracking of location and driving styles. What kind of balance should be struck between privacy and efficiency?"http://arstechnica.com/tech-policy/news/2009/07/eff-to-ca-metered-auto-insurance-is-still-a-slippery-slope.ars
November 2008: "The ACLU ‘s lawsuit, Amnesty vs. Mukasey is likely to have its first hearing sometime in January, while the constitutionality of retroactive amnesty for the government’s spying partners will be argued Tuesday in the Electronic Frontier Foundation’s suit against AT&T."http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/11/no-court-order.html
November 2008: "This summer, however, the American Civil Liberties Union and Electronic Frontier Foundation sued the Justice Department, seeking documents related to the FBI's cell-phone tracking practices. Since August, they've received a stream of documents—the most recent batch on November 6—that were posted on the Internet last week. In a post on the progressive blog Daily Kos, ACLU spokesperson Rachel Myers drew attention to language in several of those documents implying that triggerfish have broader application than previously believed."http://arstechnica.com/news.ars/post/20081116-foia-docs-show-feds-can-lojack-mobiles-without-telco-help.html
August 2008: 'Marcia Hoffman, staff attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a digital-rights group that is assisting the MIT team with its defense, argues that researchers need to be protected as they investigate these types of flaws. "It's extremely rare for a court to bar anyone from speaking before that person has even had a chance to speak," she says. "We think this sets a terrible precedent that's very dangerous for security research."'http://www.technologyreview.com/Infotech/21254/?a=f
August 2008: "Instead, the scrappy San Francisco-based Electronic Frontier Foundation now says that it will expand its efforts and sue the government over the spy program that operated outside of the court system for more than six years."http://blog.wired.com/27bstroke6/2008/08/rights-group-su.html
July 2008: 'A federal judge has ordered Google to turn over to Viacom its records of which users watched which videos on YouTube....“Users should have the right to challenge and contest the production of this deeply private information,” said Kurt Opsahl, senior staff lawyer at the Electronic Frontier Foundation, an online civil liberties group.'http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/04/technology/04youtube.html
June 2008: '...Democratic and Republican leaders in Congress struck a deal on Thursday to overhaul the rules on the government’s wiretapping powers and provide what amounts to legal immunity to the phone companies that took part in President Bush’s program of eavesdropping without warrants after the Sept. 11 attacks....“No matter how they spin it, this is still immunity,” said Kevin Bankston, a senior lawyer for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a pro-privacy group that is a plaintiff suing over the wiretapping program.'http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/20/washington/20fisa.html
February 2008: "[a judge] denied granting a default judgment, writing that the record labels failed to show Brennan was actually distributing copies of songs, which he said is what is against the law....In the Brennan case, it remains to be seen whether the record labels have information that would satisfy the court, wrote Fred von Lohmann, senior staff attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation..."http://www.infoworld.com/article/08/02/26/US-judge-pokes-hole-in-file-sharing-lawsuit_1.html
February 2008: "Today, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and Asian Law Caucus, two civil liberties groups in San Francisco, plan to file a lawsuit to force the government to disclose its policies on border searches, including which rules govern the seizing and copying of the contents of electronic devices. They also want to know the boundaries for asking travelers about their political views, religious practices and other activities potentially protected by the First Amendment. The question of whether border agents have a right to search electronic devices at all without suspicion of a crime is already under review in the federal courts."http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/02/06/AR2008020604763.html
December 2007: "“People get pushed into settlements,” said Fred von Lohmann, a lawyer with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a civil liberties group. “The Oregon attorney general is showing what a real fight among equals would look like.”"http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/31/us/31bar.html
August 2007: Many of the details of the [DCSNet] system and its full capabilities were redacted from the documents acquired by the Electronic Frontier Foundation, but they show that DCSNet includes at least three collection components, each running on Windows-based computers.http://www.wired.com/politics/security/news/2007/08/wiretap
August 2007: Failure to ensure data privacy is a problem that has torpedoed other counterterror programs, says Lee Tien, an attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy advocacy group..http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0828/p01s02-usju.html
May 2007: When government officials will not discuss what the uses and data sources are, it is hard to know whether travelers have been harmed by the screening program, said David Sobel, senior counsel for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, which in December sued the government under the Freedom of Information Act for disclosure on the Automated Targeting System, which Customs uses to screen for high-risk travelers.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/05/15/AR2007051502037.html
January 2007: EFF opposes Apple's discovery because the confidentiality of the media's sources and unpublished information are critical means for journalists of all stripes to acquire information and communicate it to the public. Because today's online journalists frequently depend on confidential sources to gather material, their ability to promise confidentiality is essential to maintaining the strength of independent media. Furthermore, the protections required by the First Amendment are necessary regardless of whether the journalist uses a third party for communications.http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/2007/01/30/apple-ordered-to-pay-legal-fees-for-bloggers
April 2007: 'There are a lot of businesses that depend on making [digital] copies in order to index, or make things searchable, or create filters, or [perform] matching. All of these kinds of things today are valuable and in high demand,' says Fred von Lohmann, a lawyer with the Electronic Frontier Foundation in San Francisco. 'You'll see a lot more cases involving indexing copy.'http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0410/p01s04-legn.html
April 2007: 'I don't see why the recording industry shouldn't have to follow the same laws that everyone else follows,' said Fred von Lohmann, senior staff attorney for the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a digital rights group in San Francisco. 'It appears they want to make the loophole so big that nobody else has to follow the law, either.'http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-pretext7apr07,1,1936238.story
December 2006: The controversy over ATS erupted after privacy advocates at the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) found an obscure notice about it in the Federal Register last month. In the notice, which is required under the 1974 Privacy Act, DHS says that its data collection system 'does not identify or create any new collection of information, rather DHS is providing additional notice and transparency of the functionality of these systems.'http://www.csmonitor.com/2006/1206/p03s03-ussc.html
October 2006: David Sobel, senior counsel of the Electronic Frontier Foundation, a privacy organization, said that since Sept. 11, the U.S. government has put an emphasis on the collection of passenger data and has 'generally ignored the serious privacy issues that arise both under E.U. law and domestic law.'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/30/AR2006093001022.html
December 2005: But Media Post's Wendy Davis also describes Warner/Chappell Music's back down after the Electronic Frontier Foundation pressured the organization to apologize to pearlLyrics. ‘pealLyrics distributed a software that allowed iPod users to add lyrics along side of downloaded songs.http://www.webpronews.com/topnews/topnews/wpn-60-20051220GoogleLyricsSearchDjvu.html
August 2006: Mr. Bankston’s group, which is spearheading a class-action lawsuit against AT&T for sharing consumer phone records with the National Security Agency, issued an alert this week calling the AOL incident a “Data Valdez,” asserting that it may be in violation of the Electronic Communications and Privacy Act, which regulates some forms of online communications.http://www.nytimes.com/2006/08/12/technology/12privacy.html
February 2005: A few weeks ago we saw how three major software publishers and three major software retailers had quietly agreed to give customers more open access to EULA terms before they buy a product. Just yesterday came another development to which I'd like to draw your attention. The Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) published its first white paper on the EULA issue, "Dangerous Terms - A User's Guide to EULAs." It's a document that, along with providing a valuable resource for consumers who run afoul of sneakwrap terms, also serves as something of a call-to-arms.http://weblog.infoworld.com/foster/2005/02/18.html#a218
September 2004: "Formalities -- especially registration and renewal -- have historically been a part of the copyright law since the beginning," said Jason Schultz, an attorney with the Electronic Frontier Foundation. "The registration and renewal served the purpose of a balance in copyright law and it's a balance that's required by the constitution."http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,64494,00.html
Role Name Type Last Updated Opponent (past or present) AT&T Organization Aug 12, 2006 Opponent (past or present) Center for Copyright Information (CCI) Organization Mar 3, 2013 Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Chilling Effects Clearinghouse Source Jan 8, 2004 Owner of (partial or full, past or present) Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) Source Opponent (past or present) Organization May 27, 2010 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) John Perry Barlow Person Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Denise Caruso Person Apr 14, 2007 Organization Executive (past or present) Cindy Cohn Esq. Person Nov 30, 2005 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Prof. David J. Farber Person Dec 4, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Prof. David "Dave" J. Farber Person Founded/Co-Founded by Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) John Gilmore Person Dec 9, 2005 Organization Executive (past or present) Mike Godwin Person May 14, 2005 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Prof. James Grimmelmann Esq. Person Oct 7, 2009 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Robin Gross Person Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Mark M. Jaycox Person Aug 17, 2013 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Prof. Lawrence Lessig Esq. Person Aug 13, 2007 Advised by (past or present) Prof. Eben Moglen Esq. Person Jan 21, 2006 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Annalee Newitz Person Feb 22, 2005 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Kurt Opsahl Esq. Person Jul 7, 2013 Organization Executive (past or present) Rainey Reitman Person May 31, 2014 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Prof. Wendy Seltzer Esq. Person Feb 18, 2007 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Harvey A. Silverglate Esq. Person Feb 17, 2006 Organization Executive (past or present) David L. Sobel Esq. Person Oct 1, 2006 Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Shari Steele Person Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Brad Templeton Person Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Trevor Timm Esq. Person Jul 26, 2012 Organization Executive (past or present) Jillian C. York Person Jan 28, 2012 Employee/Contractor/Fellow/Freelancer (past or present) Fred von Lohmann Esq. Person Feb 6, 2006
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Feb 18, 2005 Battle Lines Being Drawn
QUOTE: ...court ruled the Blizzard EULA's prohibition on reverse engineering could deprive the BnetD group of open source programmers of rights that copyright law, including the DMCA, specifically gives them. So the only things that are at stake in the case are open source programming, the concept of fair use, competition and innovation.
InfoWorld Jan 11, 2005 Free Speech, or Secrets From Apple?
QUOTE: ...bloggers ought to be extended the same protections as mainstream journalists, who have traditionally been given some latitude by the courts in protecting the identities of confidential sources.
New York Times Sep 20, 2004 Saving the Artistic Orphans
QUOTE: ...older books, films and music -- are often out of print and considered no longer commercially viable, but are still locked up under copyright. Locating copyright owners is a formidable challenge because Congress no longer requires that owners register or renew their copyrights with the U.S. Copyright Office.
Wired May 03, 2004 Who Hacked the Voting System? The Teacher
QUOTE: [Professor Rubin's--Ed.] report painted a grim picture: "We conclude that, as a society, we must carefully consider the risks inherent in electronic voting, as it places our very democracy at risk."
New York Times Feb 08, 2004 The Pornography Industry vs. Digital Pirates
QUOTE: ...the pornography industry has been dealing with Internet copyright issues since the 1980's...companies in his industry had come to realize that suing consumers and promoting "draconian laws" were not the answer.
New York Times Oct 29, 2003 DVD Back-up Software Developer Vows Fair Use Fight
QUOTE: "The Copyright Office has made two fundamental mistakes: it has failed to recognize that DVDs are software and it has failed to recognize that Americans have a right to backup DVDs they spent hard-earned money to purchase,"....
Internet.com May 15, 2003 Court Hears DVD Copying Dispute
QUOTE: ...compared an encrypted DVD to an antique, locked chest, explaining that if the item is purchased, the owner has the right to break the lock and access what's inside.
Wired Mar 31, 2003 Freedom to e-mail takes the stand
QUOTE: ...Intel is expected to ask the California Supreme Court to uphold an earlier legal ruling that found Hamidi had trespassed on its servers by sending thousands of unwanted e-mails to staff at work.
News.com Feb 27, 2003 Cyber-Blackbeards Beware
QUOTE: The Justice Department this week seized a domain name and Web site that traded tips and products about copyrighted movies and games.
Washington Post Nov 20, 2002 Big Retailers Squeeze FatWallet
QUOTE: Can the unpublished discount price of a DVD player for next week's big sale at Wal-Mart be copyrighted?
Wired Nov 16, 2002 Visa Suit: Dictionary Discredited
QUOTE: Domain disputes are a dime a dozen, but legal experts say Visa's recent win over a one-man website is the first time a corporate trademark has prevailed over a word in the dictionary.
Wired Oct 11, 2002 Anti-hacking copyright law to get review
QUOTE: Federal copyright regulators are opening the door for new exceptions to a controversial copyright law that has landed one publisher in court and a Russian programmer in jail.
CNET Sep 18, 2002 Watchdogs launch attack on filter law
QUOTE: Free speech proponents are stepping up their fight against Internet filtering in schools, waging a grassroots campaign against a law that requires Web blocking as a condition of federal funding.
New York Times Aug 17, 2002 Record Labels Want 4 Internet Providers to Block Music Site
QUOTE: ...record companies asked a judge yesterday to order four major Internet service providers to block Americans from viewing a China-based Web site that offers thousands of copyrighted songs free of charge.
New York Times Jun 06, 2002 ReplayTV Users:
QUOTE: ReplayTV customers today sued the entertainment industry to protect their rights to skip over commercials and record television programs for later viewing using digital video recorders.
Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) May 06, 2002 Playing Games with Free Speech
QUOTE: A federal judge says computer games don't deserve First Amendment protection.
Salon May 02, 2002 SonicBlue Ordered to Track ReplayTV Users' Viewing Choices
QUOTE: Central District Court Magistrate Charles F. Eick told SonicBlue to gather ``all available information'' about how consumers use the Santa Clara company's latest generation ReplayTV 4000 video recorders.
SiliconValley.com Apr 25, 2002 Google, Scientology, Censorship, and Copyrights
QUOTE: The case no doubt raises fears the DMCA will be abused to unfairly shut down access to Web sites via Google and other search engines.
Clickz.com Mar 13, 2002 Chained melodies
QUOTE: Copyright-holding corporations are pushing new laws and computer-crippling technologies in their war on piracy. But can anything keep geeks from copying the music and movies they crave?
Salon Jan 04, 2002 Lawmaker: is CD Copy-protection Illegal?
QUOTE: ...Rep. Rick Boucher, D-Va., sent a letter to executives of the recording industry's trade association, asking whether anti-piracy technology on CDs might override consumers' abilities to copy albums they have purchased for personal use.
- Arts & Humanities
- Businesses & Organizations
- Computers & Information Technology
- Family & Friends & Interpersonal
- Government & Politics / History
- Health & Medicine
- Law & Justice
- Media & Journalism
- Personal Finance & Career
- Philosophy & Religion
- Recreation & Entertainment
- Science & Technology
- Social Sciences & Groups
- Arctic / Antarctic / Greenland
- Central America / Caribbean
- Eurasia / Central Asia
- Middle East
- North America
- Oceania / AustralAsia
- South America
- About Fairness.com
- Contact Us
- Conditions of Service
- Fair Use Notice
- Advisory Board
Not a current user? Sign up!