World Health Organization (WHO)
- Homepage: http://www.who.int/
October 2002: "The World Health Organization, the United Nations specialized agency for health, was established on 7 April 1948. WHO's objective, as set out in its Constitution, is the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health....WHO is governed by 191 Member States through the World Health Assembly. The Health Assembly is composed of representatives from WHO's Member States."
November 2012: "In 2003, the Uppsala Monitoring Center of the World Health Organization had issued the company a warning that drugs of this type might be associated with heart trouble. Then, in 2005 and 2006, Glaxo conducted an examination of records from more than 14,000 patients and concluded that Avandia raised the risk of coronary blood flow problems by about 30 percent, the Senate investigators said."http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/economy/as-drug-industrys-influence-over-research-grows-so-does-the-potential-for-bias/2012/11/24/bb64d596-1264-11e2-be82-c3411b7680a9_story.html
November 2011: "Saleh has done extensive research on the illegal organ business in Egypt which preys on poor people. The World Health Organization in a recent report called Egypt a regional hub for the trade."http://www.cnn.com/2011/11/03/world/meast/pleitgen-sinai-organ-smugglers/index.html
May 2010: "Up to 140 million women and children worldwide have been affected by female genital cutting, according to the World Health Organization. Any process that alters or injures female genitalia for non-medical purposes is considered to be female genital cutting, the group says."http://www.cnn.com/2010/HEALTH/05/27/AAP.retracts.female.genital.cutting/index.html
July 2009: "Circumcision has been proven to reduce a man’s risk of contracting H.I.V. by more than half. Yet two years after the World Health Organization recommended the surgery, the government here still does not provide it to help fight the disease or educate the public about its benefits."http://www.nytimes.com/2009/07/20/world/africa/20circumcision.html
July 2009: "In 2003 the World Health Assembly, the decision-making body of the World Health Organization, adopted a treaty designed to attack global smoking through a mix of methods including bans and tax hikes. So far, 164 countries have joined the pact. The U.S. signed the treaty in 2004 but has yet to implement it, though the President is expected to seek Senate ratification soon. That step--like every step taken to hold back the tobacco flood tide--will help. Meanwhile, here's a snapshot of where we stand--and the work that still needs to be done."http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1910971,00.html
May 2009: "Their methods, described in The Journal of the International AIDS Society, appear to work better than current World Health Organization guidelines, which are based on clinical signs of advancing disease and a CD4 count, a technique easier and less expensive than viral load tests."http://www.nytimes.com/2009/05/19/health/19glob.html
December 2008: 'With cholera spilling into neighboring countries, there are rising international calls for President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years in power. But he seems only to be digging in and even declared Thursday that the nation’s cholera epidemic had ended, just a day after the World Health Organization warned that the outbreak was grave enough to carry “serious regional implications.”'http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/12/world/africa/12cholera.html
August 2008: "The process of introducing vaccines varies from country to country and involves the influence of many stakeholders--ministries of health and finance, international agencies such as the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health Organization (WHO), nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), community leaders, experts on disease and funders, to name just some of the players. Defining roles, decision rights and data requirements for this constellation of participants is difficult."http://www.forbes.com/technology/ebusiness/2008/08/07/vaccine-foreign-adoption-lead-cx_0807mckinsey.html
September 2008: 'And the new ethics code encourages U.S. companies to refrain from recruiting in countries already facing severe shortages of medical personnel, coalition members said. While most foreign-trained nurses come from the Philippines, India, the United Kingdom and Canada, others come from countries that have been identified by the World Health Organization as experiencing a "health-care workforce crisis." Most seriously threatened is sub-Saharan Africa; for example, 34 percent of nurses trained in Zimbabwe were working in richer countries in 2006, according to WHO.'http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/09/12/AR2008091203001.html
July 2008: "The World Health Organization noted this week that small-arms violence is so prevalent in Nyanga, South Africa, that a 15-year-old boy has a 1 in 20 chance of being shot dead before turning 35. In Antioquia, Colombia, the organization said, an 18-year-old man faces the same risk of death before turning 25."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/19/world/europe/19guns.html
October 2007: A comprehensive global study of abortion has concluded that abortion rates are similar in countries where it is legal and those where it is not...the results of the study a collaboration between scientists from the World Health Organization in Geneva and the Guttmacher Institute in New York, a reproductive rights group, are being published Friday in the journal Lancet.http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/12/world/12abortion.html
October 2007: Childbirth complications, pneumonia and diarrhea — age-old causes of death that can be prevented with cheap, proven methods — are actually the biggest culprits, according to the World Health Organization.http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/11/world/11health.html
October 2007: Recently, Dr. Arata Kochi, the blunt new director of the World Health Organization’s malaria program, declared that as far as he was concerned, “the debate is at an end.” Virtually the only way to get the nets to poor people, he said, is to hand out millions free.http://www.nytimes.com/2007/10/09/health/09nets.html
July 2007: And they're paying the price. At least 300 million Chinese are affected by food-borne illness every year, according to a recent report by the ADB and the World Health Organization, and mass poisonings by adulterated and mislabeled products recur constantly. Unsafe infant formula killed at least 50 babies three years ago and left 200 others severely malnourished, according to local media. The ADB/WHO report adds: 'Despite stepped-up measures, a string of similar infant formula problems emerged in February 2006, indicating that systemic issues remain unresolved.'http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/19649894/site/newsweek
Role Name Type Last Updated Cooperation (past or present) Center for Law and the Public's Health Organization Jan 11, 2006 Cooperation (past or present) GAVI Alliance Organization Jun 20, 2007 Owner of (partial or full, past or present) International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Organization Jun 7, 2010 Organization Executive (past or present) Dr. Larry Brilliant M.D., M.P.H. Person Apr 14, 2007 Advised by (past or present) Prof. Devra Lee Davis Ph.D., MPH Person Nov 5, 2007 Organization Executive (past or present) Dr. Kevin M. De Cock Person Aug 17, 2006 Advised by (past or present) Prof. James G. Hodge Jr. J.D. LL.M. Person Feb 28, 2010 Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Dr. Jonathan Mann Person Sep 10, 2011 Advised by (past or present) Prof. A. Thomas McLellan Ph.D. Person May 17, 2007 Organization Executive (past or present) Dr. Paul F.A. Van Look MD PhD FRCOG Person Mar 22, 2008
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Nov 24, 2012 As drug industry’s influence over research grows, so does the potential for bias
QUOTE: What only careful readers of the article would have gleaned is the extent of the financial connections between the drugmaker and the research.Whether these ties altered the report on Avandia may be impossible for readers to know. But while sorting through the data from more than 4,000 patients, the investigators missed hints of a danger that, when fully realized four years later, would lead to Avandia’s virtual disappearance from the United States: The drug raised the risk of heart attacks....
Washington Post Nov 03, 2011 Refugees face organ theft in the Sinai
QUOTE: Bedouin smugglers involved in people trafficking are also believed to be stealing organs from refugees who are unable to pay their demands for large amounts of cash to take them into Israel.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 27, 2010 Pediatricians now reject all female genital cutting
QUOTE: The American Academy of Pediatrics has rescinded a controversial policy statement raising the idea that doctors in some communities should be able to substitute demands for female genital cutting with a harmless clitoral "pricking" procedure.
CNN (Cable News Network) May 26, 2010 Electronics Maker Promises Review After Suicides
QUOTE: “Foxconn’s production line system is designed so well that no worker will rest even one second during work; they make sure you’re always busy for every second,” says Li Qiang, executive director of the China Labor Watch, a New York-based labor rights group. “Foxconn only values the enterprise benefits but totally ignores the social benefits.” Those claims have been bolstered in recent weeks by some of China’s state-run newspapers, which have published a series of sensational reports about the suicides, alongside exposés detailing what they claim are the harsh conditions inside Foxconn factories.
New York Times Oct 08, 2009 How to Stop the Counterfeit-Medicine Drugs Trade
QUOTE: According to the World Health Organization (WHO), more than 50% of drugs sold online have either been falsified or altered in some way.
Time Magazine Sep 21, 2009 Benefit and Doubt in Vaccine Additive
QUOTE: Are Americans obligated to use an unproven vaccine to help protect people in other countries from the flu pandemic?
New York Times Sep 17, 2009 Why Don’t Doctors Wash Their Hands More? (Doctor and Patient)
QUOTE: Over the last 30 years, despite countless efforts at change, poor hand hygiene has continued to contribute to the high rates of infections acquired in hospitals, clinics and other health care settings.
New York Times Aug 25, 2009 In a flu pandemic, what can the government do to you? A report by the Centers for Disease Control, released Tuesday, raises concern about Washington’s potential response to the H1N1 virus.
QUOTE: Since 9/11, pandemic planning has taken a more authoritarian tone that harks back to the pre-vaccine days of forced quarantines during outbreaks, according to an American Civil Liberties Union report...
Christian Science Monitor Aug 20, 2009 Flu shot guidelines criticized: Mathematical model suggests that US experts got their priorities wrong.
QUOTE: The US policy for which groups should be the first to receive influenza vaccines is not the most effective strategy to limit the spread of swine flu, according to a paper published online today in Science.
Nature Aug 18, 2009 The Most Outrageous U.S. Lies About Global Healthcare
QUOTE: Many of the most wildly inaccurate statements [about health systems] have been directed abroad -- sometimes at the United States' closest allies, such as Britain and Canada, and often at the best health-care systems in the world.
Aug 01, 2009 Nepal's Environmental Issues Could Risk the Land's Beauty
QUOTE: a decade of civil war, rampant corruption and lack of consistent environmental policies has turned the serenely beautiful Kathmandu Valley into a harshly polluted one, too... Even all those nature-loving travelers and climbers are a problem: Everest's summit is littered with soda cans, tent poles, food containers and other trash the trekkers have left behind.
Washington Post Jul 27, 2009 Big Tobacco's New Targets
QUOTE: In Africa the battle for the hearts, minds and lungs of new smokers is being waged particularly aggressively.
Time Magazine Jul 19, 2009 South Africa Is Seen to Lag in H.I.V. Fight
QUOTE: Circumcision has been proven to reduce a man’s risk of contracting H.I.V. by more than half. Yet two years after the World Health Organization recommended the surgery, the government here still does not provide it to help fight the disease or educate the public about its benefits....despite the withering international criticism the country has endured for its previous foot-dragging in fighting and treating AIDS.
New York Times May 18, 2009 Global Update AIDS: Questions Help Find AIDS Patients Who Are Vulnerable to Drug Resistance
QUOTE: In Africa, AIDS patients rarely get viral load testing to see whether they are developing dangerous resistance to their first-line drugs. The testing, routine in wealthy countries, is just too expensive and complex.
New York Times Dec 11, 2008 Cholera Is Raging, Despite Denial by Mugabe
QUOTE: With cholera spilling into neighboring countries, there are rising international calls for President Robert Mugabe to step down after 28 years in power. But he seems only to be digging in and even declared Thursday that the nation’s cholera epidemic had ended...
New York Times Oct 04, 2008 FDA Sets Safety Threshold for Contaminant Melamine
QUOTE: Rep. Rosa DeLauro (D-Conn.), head of a House subcommittee that oversees FDA funding, criticized the agency for saying there could be safe levels of melamine in foods.
Washington Post Sep 16, 2008 Code Aims to Aid Nurses: Group Says Foreign Hires Need Protection
QUOTE: A coalition of health-care groups this month unveiled a code of ethics it hopes will protect nurses from other countries from abusive employment practices when they take jobs in the United States.
Washington Post Aug 19, 2008 Drug Makers' Push Leads to Cancer Vaccines' Rise
QUOTE: In two years, cervical cancer has gone from obscure killer confined mostly to poor nations to the West’s disease of the moment... The lightning-fast transition from newly minted vaccine to must-have injection in the United States and Europe represents a triumph of what the manufacturers call education and their critics call marketing.
New York Times Aug 07, 2008 A Better Way To Speed Up The Adoption of Vaccines
QUOTE: Many vaccines are implemented slowly, particularly in developing countries, and nearly 11 million children die every year due to a lack of vaccinations.
Forbes Jul 19, 2008 U.S. Position Complicates Global Effort to Curb Illicit Arms
QUOTE: Diplomats from the world’s governments met throughout this week on agreements to cut the global illicit trade in small arms, but their work was curtailed in part by the near-boycott of the meetings by the United States.
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