Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld
February 2006: "Donald H. Rumsfeld was sworn in as the 21st Secretary of Defense on January 20, 2001. Before assuming his present post, the former Navy pilot had also served as the 13th Secretary of Defense, White House Chief of Staff, U.S. Ambassador to NATO, U.S. Congressman and chief executive officer of two Fortune 500 companies.
Secretary Rumsfeld is responsible for directing the actions of the Defense Department in response to the terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001. The war is being waged against a backdrop of major change within the Department of Defense. The department has developed a new defense strategy and replaced the old model for sizing forces with a newer approach more relevant to the 21st century. Secretary Rumsfeld proposed and the President approved a significant reorganization of the worldwide command structure, known as the Unified Command Plan, that resulted in the establishment of the U.S. Northern Command and the U.S. Strategic Command, the latter charged with the responsibilities formerly held by the Strategic and Space Commands which were disestablished.
The Department also has refocused its space capabilities and fashioned a new concept of strategic deterrence that increases security while reducing strategic nuclear weapons. To help strengthen the deterrent, the missile defense research and testing program has been reorganized and revitalized, free of the restraints of the ABM treaty.
Mr. Rumsfeld attended Princeton University on academic and NROTC scholarships (A.B., 1954) and served in the U.S. Navy (1954-57) as an aviator and flight instructor. In 1957, he transferred to the Ready Reserve and continued his Naval service in flying and administrative assignments as a drilling reservist until 1975. He transferred to the Standby Reserve when he became Secretary of Defense in 1975 and to the Retired Reserve with the rank of Captain in 1989.
In 1957, he came to Washington, DC to serve as Administrative Assistant to a Congressman. After a stint with an investment banking firm, he was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois in 1962, at the age of 30, and was re-elected in 1964, 1966, and 1968.
Mr. Rumsfeld resigned from Congress in 1969 during his fourth term to join the President's Cabinet. From 1969 to 1970, he served as Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity and Assistant to the President. From 1971 to 1972, he was Counsellor to the President and Director of the Economic Stabilization Program. In 1973, he left Washington, DC, to serve as U.S. Ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) in Brussels, Belgium (1973-1974).
In August 1974, he was called back to Washington, DC, to serve as Chairman of the transition to the Presidency of Gerald R. Ford. He then became Chief of Staff of the White House and a member of the President's Cabinet (1974-1975). He served as the 13th U.S. Secretary of Defense, the youngest in the country's history (1975-1977).
From 1977 to 1985 he served as Chief Executive Officer, President, and then Chairman of G.D. Searle & Co., a worldwide pharmaceutical company. The successful turnaround there earned him awards as the Outstanding Chief Executive Officer in the Pharmaceutical Industry from the Wall Street Transcript (1980) and Financial World (1981). From 1985 to 1990 he was in private business.
Mr. Rumsfeld served as Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of General Instrument Corporation from 1990 to 1993. General Instrument Corporation was a leader in broadband transmission, distribution, and access control technologies. Until being sworn in as the 21st Secretary of Defense, Mr. Rumsfeld served as Chairman of the Board of Gilead Sciences, Inc., a pharmaceutical company.
Before returning for his second tour as Secretary of Defense, Mr. Rumsfeld chaired the bipartisan U.S. Ballistic Missile Threat Commission, in 1998, and the U.S. Commission to Assess National Security Space Management and Organization, in 2000.
During his business career, Mr. Rumsfeld continued his public service in a variety of Federal posts, including:
- Special Presidential Envoy on the Law of the Sea Treaty (1982 - 1983);
- Senior Advisor to the President's Panel on Strategic Systems (1983 - 1984);
- Member of the U.S. Joint Advisory Commission on U.S./Japan Relations (1983 - 1984);
- Special Presidential Envoy to the Middle East (1983 - 1984);
- Member of the National Commission on Public Service (1987 - 1990);
- Member of the National Economic Commission (1988 - 1989);
- Member of the Board of Visitors of the National Defense University (1988 - 1992);
- Member of the Commission on U.S./Japan Relations (1989 - 1991); and
- Member of the U.S. Trade Deficit Review Commission (1999 - 2000).
While in the private sector, Mr. Rumsfeld's civic activities included service as a member of the National Academy of Public Administration and a member of the boards of trustees of the Gerald R. Ford Foundation, the Hoover Institution at Stanford University, and the National Park Foundation, and as Chairman of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships, Inc.
In 1977, Mr. Rumsfeld was awarded the nation's highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom."http://www.whitehouse.gov/government/rumsfeld-bio.html
December 2011: "The results of the new inquiry, first reported by The Washington Times, confirm that the Pentagon under Donald H. Rumsfeld made a concerted effort starting in 2002 to reach out to network military analysts to build and sustain public support for the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan."http://www.nytimes.com/2011/12/25/us/pentagon-finds-no-fault-in-its-ties-to-tv-analysts.html
February 2011: 'The suit — brought by 2 men and 15 women, both veterans and active-duty service members — specifically claims that Defense Secretary Robert M. Gates and his predecessor, Donald H. Rumsfeld, “ran institutions in which perpetrators were promoted and where military personnel openly mocked and flouted the modest Congressionally mandated institutional reforms.”'http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/16/us/16military.html
August 2009: "The former Republican governor of Pennsylvania, who was the first head of the Department of Homeland Security, says two top Bush officials – Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Attorney General John Ashcroft – pressured him to up the terror alert level before the 2004 election, according to promotional materials by publisher Macmillan."http://features.csmonitor.com/politics/2009/08/20/tom-ridge-kisses-and-tells-on-bushs-terror-levels/
December 2008: "WASHINGTON — A report released Thursday by leaders of the Senate Armed Services Committee said top Bush administration officials, including Donald H. Rumsfeld, the former defense secretary, bore major responsibility for the abuses committed by American troops in interrogations at Abu Ghraib in Iraq; Guantánamo Bay, Cuba; and other military detention centers."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/12/12/washington/12detainee.html
November 2008: "The United States military since 2004 has used broad, secret authority to carry out nearly a dozen previously undisclosed attacks against Al Qaeda and other militants in Syria, Pakistan and elsewhere....were authorized by a classified order that Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld signed in the spring of 2004 with the approval of President Bush"http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/10/washington/10military.html
June 2008: 'The new Senate report also discloses that on Sept. 18, 2002, Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld told the House Armed Services Committee that Saddam's weapons of mass destruction facilities could not be eliminated by simple aerial bombing because "a good many are underground and deeply buried" and therefore "not … vulnerable to attack from the air." In fact, the Senate report found, there was no intelligence-community reporting to support Rumsfeld's assertion. An August 2002 DIA report on the subject stated flatly that "no biological weapons (BW)-related underground facilities are currently confirmed to be in use in Iraq."'http://www.newsweek.com/id/141009
June 2008: "But the F.B.I. officials said agents were rebuffed and were told that senior Pentagon officials, including Donald H. Rumsfeld, then the defense secretary, with the backing of Justice Department legal opinions, had approved the treatment. Valerie E. Caproni, the F.B.I.’s general counsel, testified that when she asked to read classified legal opinions on torture in 2004, she was refused access and has still not seen them."http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/11/washington/11detain.html
June 2008: 'The report about the Bush administration’s public statements offers some new details about the intelligence information that was available to policy makers as they built a case for war. For instance, in September 2002 Donald H. Rumsfeld, then the defense secretary, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that “the Iraq problem cannot be solved by airstrikes alone,” because Iraqi chemical and biological weapons were so deeply buried that they could not be penetrated by American bombs.'http://www.nytimes.com/2008/06/06/world/middleeast/06intel.html
April 2008: 'On April 12, 2003, with major combat almost over, Mr. Rumsfeld drafted a memorandum to Ms. Clarke. “Let’s think about having some of the folks who did such a good job as talking heads in after this thing is over,” he wrote.'http://www.nytimes.com/2008/04/20/washington/20generals.html
April 2008: "After a rebellion by military lawyers, then-Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld in December 2002 suspended a list of aggressive techniques he had approved, the most extreme of which were used on a single detainee at the military prison at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The prisoner, military investigators later would determine, was subjected to stress positions, nudity, hooding, exposure to dogs and other aggressive techniques."http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/04/01/AR2008040102213.html
August 2007: Convicted Al Qaeda operative Jose Padilla is seeking to hold former Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and 59 other US officials responsible for what his lawyers say were abusive and unconstitutional tactics used against Mr. Padilla while he was held in military custody as an enemy combatant from 2002 to 2006.http://www.csmonitor.com/2007/0824/p03s03-usju.html
June 2007: The two-star Army General who led the first military investigation into human rights abuses at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq has bluntly questioned the integrity of former US Secretary of Defence, Donald Rumsfeld, suggesting he misled the US Congress by downplaying his own prior knowledge of what had happened.http://www.commondreams.org/archive/2007/06/19/1977/
December 2006: The Bush administration asserted in federal court yesterday that Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld and three former military officials cannot be held liable for the alleged torture of nine Afghans and Iraqis in U.S. military detention camps because the detainees have no standing to sue in U.S. courts.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/12/08/AR2006120801479.html
September 2006: Card made his first attempt after Bush was reelected in November 2004, arguing that the administration needed a fresh start and recommending that Bush replace Rumsfeld with former secretary of state James A. Baker III. Woodward writes that Bush considered the move but was persuaded by Vice President Cheney and Karl Rove, his chief political adviser, that it would be seen as an expression of doubt about the course of the war and would expose Bush to criticism.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/09/29/AR2006092901527.html
March 2005: Two human rights groups personally targeted Secretary of Defense Donald H. Rumsfeld and three military officers in a federal lawsuit yesterday alleging that each knew in 2003 of widespread torture of Iraqi and Afghan detainees and violated their constitutional obligations to stop it.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/articles/A62757-2005Mar1.html
February 2005: However, this year, the Pentagon is using the supplemental option for purposes that go way beyond standard practice. First, Donald Rumsfeld and his comptroller's office are not even taking an educated guess at how much the Army might need in Iraq next year. For the budget, they are requesting peacetime levels of funding and intend to put all war costs into the supplemental.http://slate.msn.com/id/2113274/
Role Name Type Last Updated Organization Head/Leader (past or present) Department of Defense (DOD)/Defense Department Organization Mar 4, 2005 Member of (past or present) Department of the Navy Organization Feb 24, 2006 Organization Head/Leader (past or present) G.D. Searle & Company Organization Feb 24, 2006 Organization Head/Leader (past or present) General Instrument Corporation Organization Feb 24, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Gerald R. Ford Foundation Organization Feb 24, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Hoover Institution Organization Feb 24, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) National Academy of Public Administration (NAPA) Organization Feb 24, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) National Defense University (NDU) Organization Feb 24, 2006 Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) National Park Foundation (NPF) Organization Feb 24, 2006 Representative to (past or present) North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) Organization Feb 24, 2006 Student/Trainee (past or present) Princeton University Organization Feb 24, 2006 Member of (past or present) US House of Representatives Organization Feb 24, 2006 Subordinate of (past or present) President Gerald R. Ford Person Feb 24, 2006 Subordinate of (past or present) Peter Ford Person Feb 24, 2006 Succeeded by Robert M. Gates Ph.D. Person Jan 28, 2007 Advised by (past or present) Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad Ph.D. Person Mar 29, 2010 Possible/Unclear Hamed Wardak Person Mar 29, 2010
Articles and Resources
Date Fairness.com Resource Read it at: Sep 13, 2012 Greed and Debt: The True Story of Mitt Romney and Bain Capital
QUOTE: the hypocrisy at the heart of Mitt Romney. Everyone knows that he is fantastically rich, having scored great success, the legend goes, as a "turnaround specialist," a shrewd financial operator who revived moribund companies as a high-priced consultant for a storied Wall Street private equity firm. But what most voters don't know is the way Mitt Romney actually made his fortune: by borrowing vast sums of money that other people were forced to pay back.... Romney has piled more debt onto more unsuspecting companies, written more gigantic checks that other people have to cover, than perhaps all but a handful of people on planet Earth.
Rolling Stone Dec 24, 2011 Pentagon Finds No Fault in Ties to TV Analysts
QUOTE: A Pentagon public relations program that sought to transform high-profile military analysts into “surrogates” and “message force multipliers” for the Bush administration complied with Defense Department regulations and directives....The inquiry confirmed that Mr. Rumsfeld’s staff frequently provided military analysts with talking points before their network appearances....four military analysts reported that they were ejected from Mr. Rumsfeld’s outreach program “because they were critical” of the Pentagon.
New York Times Apr 27, 2011 Honoring Those Who Said No
QUOTE: Thus far, though, our official history has honored only those who approved torture, not those who rejected it… But averting our eyes from recent history means not only that we fail in our legal and moral duty to provide redress to victims of torture, but also that we betray the public servants who risked so much to reverse what they knew was a disastrous and shameful course.
New York Times Feb 15, 2011 Lawsuit Says Military Is Rife With Sexual Abuse
QUOTE: A federal lawsuit filed Tuesday accuses the Department of Defense of allowing a military culture that fails to prevent rape and sexual assault, and of mishandling cases that were brought to its attention, thus violating the plaintiffs’ constitutional rights...
New York Times Mar 16, 2010 Wife of Justice Thomas starts group for 'citizen activists'
QUOTE: Into the heightened political atmosphere between the Supreme Court and the Obama administration comes now Virginia Thomas, the conservative activist and wife of Justice Clarence Thomas, who is founder of a new nonprofit lobbying and political-organizing group catering to the "citizen activists" of the "tea party" movement. Virginia "Ginni" Thomas says Liberty Central Inc...
Washington Post Nov 12, 2009 Welcome Home, War!: How America's Wars Are Systematically Destroying Our Liberties
QUOTE: surprisingly few Americans seem aware of the toll that this already endless war [on terror] has taken on our civil liberties.
TomDispatch Aug 22, 2009 Ridge's Telling Tale, or Just Another Tell-All?
QUOTE: There is something about the Beltway culture that seems to discourage protest resignations. Instead, the well-worn path is to collect your grievances, find a publisher, hit the talk-show circuit and recast yourself as a painfully honest critic of the administration you once saluted.
Washington Post Aug 20, 2009 Tom Ridge kisses and tells on Bush’s ‘terror levels’ (The Vote Blog)
QUOTE: [former head of the Department of Homeland Security Tom Ridge] says two top Bush officials – Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld and Attorney General John Ashcroft – pressured him to up the terror alert level before the 2004 election...
Christian Science Monitor Jun 19, 2009 Christian Soldiers: The growing controversy over military chaplains using the armed forces to spread the Word.
QUOTE: Al-Jazeera broadcast clips filmed in 2008 showing stacks of Bibles translated into Pashto and Dari at the U.S. air base in Bagram and featuring the chief of U.S. military chaplains in Afghanistan, Lt. Col. Gary Hensley, telling soldiers to “hunt people for Jesus.” ...example of what critics call a growing culture of militarized Christianity in the armed forces.
Newsweek Dec 12, 2008 Report Blames Rumsfeld for Detainee Abuses
QUOTE: leaders of the Senate Armed Services Committee said top Bush administration officials, including Donald H. Rumsfeld, the former defense secretary, bore major responsibility for the abuses committed by American troops in interrogations at Abu Ghraib in Iraq; Guantánamo Bay, Cuba; and other military detention centers.
New York Times Nov 10, 2008 Secret Order Lets U.S. Raid Al Qaeda
QUOTE: The United States military since 2004 has used broad, secret authority to carry out nearly a dozen previously undisclosed attacks against Al Qaeda and other militants in Syria, Pakistan and elsewhere....Bush administration officials have shown a determination to operate under an expansive definition of self-defense that provides a legal rationale for strikes on militant targets in sovereign nations without those countries’ consent.
New York Times Oct 21, 2008 Official Portraits Draw Skeptical Gaze--Cost to Taxpayers Vaires but Can Reach Nearly $50,000
QUOTE: investing taxpayer money in the time-honored art of official portraiture has become increasingly controversial. In a throwback to the Jimmy Carter era, some fiscal watchdogs and government scholars suggest that high-quality photographs would be a more cost-efficient way to honor departing dignitaries, especially because most portraits are largely inaccessible to the public.
Washington Post Jul 01, 2008 Wounded Iraqi Forces Say They’ve Been Abandoned
QUOTE: In the United States, the issue of war injuries has revolved almost entirely around the care received by the 30,000 wounded American veterans. But Iraqi soldiers and police officers have been wounded in greater numbers, health workers say, and have been treated far worse by their government. A number of the half-dozen badly wounded Iraqis interviewed for this article said they had been effectively drummed out of the Iraqi security forces without pensions, or were receiving partial pay and in danger of losing even that.
New York Times Jun 11, 2008 Elusive Starting Point on Harsh Interrogations (News Analysis)
QUOTE: In a flurry of oversight that some critics say comes years too late, Congress is pressing Bush administration officials on a still-unanswered question: How did the United States come to embrace harsh interrogation methods it had always shunned?
New York Times Jun 11, 2008 Spies, Lies and the White House: Buried in a Senate report, new revelations about pre-war deception
QUOTE: A previously undisclosed CIA report written in the summer of 2002 questioned the "credibility" and "truthfulness" of an Al Qaeda detainee who became a key source for the Bush administration's claims about links between Saddam Hussein and Osama bin Laden.
Newsweek Jun 06, 2008 Bush Overstated Evidence on Iraq, Senators Report
QUOTE: The report was released Thursday after years of partisan squabbling, and it represented the close of five years of investigations by the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence into the use, abuse and faulty assessments of intelligence leading to the invasion of Iraq in March 2003.
New York Times May 26, 2008 Military Chief Warns Troops About Politics
QUOTE: “The U.S. military must remain apolitical at all times and in all ways,” wrote the chairman, Adm. Mike Mullen, the nation’s highest-ranking officer. “It is and must always be a neutral instrument of the state, no matter which party holds sway.”...In particular, members of the Joint Chiefs have expressed worries this election year about the influence of retired officers who advise political campaigns, who have publicly called for a change in policy or who serve as television commentators on the war.
New York Times Apr 20, 2008 Behind TV Analysts, Pentagon’s Hidden Hand
QUOTE: To the public, these men are members of a familiar fraternity, presented tens of thousands of times on television and radio as “military analysts” whose long service has equipped them to give authoritative and unfettered judgments about the most pressing issues of the post-Sept. 11 world. Hidden behind that appearance of objectivity, though, is a Pentagon information apparatus that has used those analysts in a campaign to generate favorable news coverage of the administration’s wartime performance...
New York Times Apr 02, 2008 Memo: Laws Didn't Apply to Interrogators: Justice Dept. Official in 2003 Said President's Wartime Authority Trumped Many Statutes
QUOTE: "If a government defendant were to harm an enemy combatant during an interrogation in a manner that might arguably violate a criminal prohibition, he would be doing so in order to prevent further attacks on the United States by the al Qaeda terrorist network," [John C.] Yoo wrote. "In that case, we believe that he could argue that the executive branch's constitutional authority to protect the nation from attack justified his actions."
Washington Post Feb 01, 2008 McCain's Unseen Adversary: Ageism
QUOTE: [John McCain] faces more prejudice over his age than Obama and Clinton do over issues of race and sex.
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