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Robert B. Zoellick Esq., MPP

Self Description

May 2006: "Robert B. Zoellick's nomination as Deputy Secretary of State was confirmed by the Senate on February 16, 2005. He was sworn in on February 22, 2005.

Since February 2001, Mr. Zoelick served as the 13th U.S. Trade Representative. During his tenure as U.S. Trade Representative, Mr. Zoellick completed the negotiations to bring China and Taiwan into the World Trade Organization; developed a strategy to launch new global trade negotiations at the WTO meeting in Doha and to press the negotiations forward in 2004; completed and enacted Free Trade Agreements with Singapore, Chile, Australia, and Morocco; completed FTAs with five nations of Central America and the Dominican Republic, as well as with Bahrain; worked with Congress to enact the Jordan FTA and the Vietnam Trade Agreement; launched Free Trade Agreement negotiations with the Southern African Customs Union, Panama, the Andean countries, and Thailand; and worked with Congress to pass the Trade Act of 2002, which included new Trade Promotion Authority, and to expand the African Growth & Opportunity Act (AGOA).

During President George H.W. Bush's Administration, Mr. Zoellick served with Secretary of State James A. Baker, III, as Under Secretary of State for Economic and Agricultural Affairs, as well as Counselor to the Department (Under Secretary rank). Mr. Zoellick's responsibilities included political, economic, and security topics in all regions of the world. He served as the senior U.S. official in the "Two-plus-Four" negotiations for German unification and worked closely with Secretary Baker on the policies pertaining to the end of the Cold War. Mr. Zoellick was the lead State Department official in the negotiations on the North American Free Trade Agreement, the Uruguay Round, and the launch of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation group. He played a key role in the Central American peace processes. Mr. Zoellick was also appointed the President's personal representative, or Sherpa, for the G-7 Economic Summits in 1991 and 1992. In August 1992, Mr. Zoellick was appointed White House Deputy Chief of Staff and Assistant to the President.

Mr. Zoellick received the Distinguished Service Award, the Department of State's highest honor. The German government awarded him the Knight Commanders Cross for his role in developing the U.S. strategy toward German unification.

From 1985 to 1988, Mr. Zoellick served at the Department of the Treasury in various positions, including Counselor to Secretary James A. Baker, III, Executive Secretary of the Department, and Deputy Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions Policy. Mr. Zoellick received the Alexander Hamilton Award, the Department of Treasury's highest honor.

After leaving government service in 1993, Mr. Zoellick was appointed an Executive Vice President at Fannie Mae, the largest housing finance investor in the United States, where he managed the company's affordable housing business; legal, regulatory, government relations activities; and international financial services. He also served as the John M. Olin Professor of National Security at the U.S. Naval Academy, Research Scholar at the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University, and Senior International Advisor to Goldman Sachs.

In May 2002, Mr. Zoellick was awarded an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from St. Joseph's College in Rensselaer, Indiana. He also served as board member of a number of private and public organizations, including Alliance Capital, the Council on Foreign Relations, the German Marshall Fund of the United States, and the World Wildlife Fund Advisory Council.

Raised in Naperville, Illinois, Mr. Zoellick received a J.D. magna cum laude from the Harvard Law School and a Master of Public Policy degree from Harvard University's Kennedy School of Government in 1981. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Swarthmore College in 1975."

Third-Party Descriptions

October 2008: "The [computer hacking--Ed.] crisis comes at an awkward moment for World Bank president Robert Zoellick, who runs the world's largest and most influential anti-poverty agency, which doles out $25 billion a year, and whose board represents 185 member nations. This weekend, the bank holds its annual series of meetings in Washington — and just in advance of those sessions, Zoellick called for a radical revamping of multilateral organizations in light of the global economic meltdown.",2933,435681,00.html

May 2008: 'World Bank President Robert B. Zoellick has vowed to reverse the slide, proposing to boost annual lending for African agriculture from $450 million to $800 million. He has also pressed the United States, Japan and European governments to end agricultural subsidies that make it difficult for poor farmers to compete in global markets. "The world's agricultural trading system is stuck in the past," he said. "If ever there is a time to cut distorting agricultural subsidies and open markets for food imports, it must be now."'

May 2008: "At the World Bank, agricultural financing has begun to recover. Under a new president, Robert B. Zoellick, the bank has decided to double its lending for such programs in Africa. After President Bush’s request to Congress, other wealthy countries are joining the United States in increasing their support."

October 2007: The bank president, Robert B. Zoellick, after 100 days in office, declared in a recent speech that a Green Revolution for Africa was among his top priorities. On Friday, as ministers from around the world gather for the bank’s annual meeting in Washington, it will release its flagship World Development Report, this year devoted to agriculture.

September 2007: “There should be no safe haven for those who steal from the poor,” Robert B. Zoellick, the bank’s president, said in presenting the plan with Secretary General Ban Ki-moon.

May 2006: In the past year, Zoellick has become the administration's point man on Sudan, making four trips to Khartoum, the capital, and the Darfur region to press the two sides to agree. He also has shepherded efforts to implement another peace deal, signed last year, that ended a 20-year conflict between the Muslim government and rebels in the southern part of the country, which is largely animist and Christian.


RoleNameTypeLast Updated
Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Alliance Capital Management Organization May 7, 2006
Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) Organization May 7, 2006
Organization Executive (past or present) Fannie Mae (Federal National Mortgage Association) (FNMA) Organization May 7, 2006
Advisor/Consultant to (past or present) Goldman Sachs Group Organization May 7, 2006
Student/Trainee (past or present) Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) Harvard University Organization May 7, 2006
Student/Trainee (past or present) Kennedy School of Government, The John F. (KSG) Organization May 7, 2006
Organization Executive (past or present) State Department/Department of State (DOS) Organization May 7, 2006
Student/Trainee (past or present) Swarthmore College Organization May 7, 2006
Organization Executive (past or present) Treasury Department/Department of the Treasury Organization May 7, 2006
Organization Head/Leader (past or present) U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) Organization May 19, 2004
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) US Federal Government - Executive Branch Organization
Employee/Freelancer/Contractor (past or present) United States Naval Academy (USNA) ("Annapolis") Organization May 7, 2006
Organization Head/Leader (past or present) World Bank Group Organization Sep 18, 2007
Representative to (past or present) World Trade Organization (WTO) Organization May 7, 2006
Director/Trustee/Overseer (past or present) World Wildlife Fund (WWF) Organization May 7, 2006
Advisor/Consultant to (past or present) James A. Baker III Person May 7, 2006
Supervisor of (past or present) Guy De Poerck Person Oct 16, 2008
Supervisor of (past or present) Kenneth G. Lay Person Oct 16, 2008

Articles and Resources

Date Resource Read it at:
Jun 16, 2011 Who Is James Johnson?

QUOTE: Morgenson and Rosner write with barely suppressed rage, as if great crimes are being committed. But there are no crimes. This is how Washington works. Only two of the characters in this tale come off as egregiously immoral. Johnson made $100 million while supposedly helping the poor.

New York Times
Oct 10, 2008 World Bank Under Cyber Siege in 'Unprecedented Crisis'

QUOTE: The World Bank Group's computer network — one of the largest repositories of sensitive data about the economies of every nation — has been raided repeatedly by outsiders for more than a year....the bank is trying hard to pretend to outsiders it didn't happen.

Fox News
May 19, 2008 World Aid Agencies Faulted in Food Crisis: Failure to Support Agriculture Cited

QUOTE: Wade's broadside is part of a backlash against multilateral organizations that were created after World War II -- including the FAO, the World Bank and the World Food Program -- tasked with weaving together a safety net for the world's poorest. The recent spike in food prices has ripped a massive tear in that net, triggering riots around the world and threatening to plunge more than 100 million people into extreme poverty.

Washington Post
May 17, 2008 World’s Poor Pay Price as Crop Research Is Cut (The Food Chain)

QUOTE: This is a stark example of the many problems that are coming to light in the world’s agricultural system. Experts say that during the food surpluses of recent decades, governments and development agencies lost focus on the importance of helping poor countries improve their agriculture.

New York Times
Oct 15, 2007 World Bank Neglects African Farming, Study Says

QUOTE: The World Bank, financed by rich nations to reduce poverty in poor ones, has long neglected agriculture in impoverished sub-Saharan Africa, where most people depend on the farm economy for their livelihoods, according to a new internal evaluation.

New York Times
Sep 18, 2007 World Bank and U.N. to Help Poor Nations Recover Stolen Assets

QUOTE: The World Bank and the United Nations announced Monday that they were setting up a system to help developing nations recover assets stolen and sent abroad by corrupt leaders that amount to an estimated $40 billion a year.

New York Times
May 06, 2006 Sudanese, Rebels Sign Peace Plan On Darfur: U.S. Pressured Parties; Doubts Remain on Deal

QUOTE: With a prod from the United States, the government of Sudan and the biggest Darfur rebel faction signed a complex peace plan yesterday that diplomats and experts said would require careful implementation to ensure an end to a conflict that has left as many as 450,000 people dead and 2 million homeless.

Washington Post
Jul 24, 2005 U.S. Diplomat Visits Darfur. Take Three

QUOTE: It's true that sometimes even superficial events can have an impact...But the sameness of these events underscores how they are designed mainly for the pictures and images. Policy implementation is another matter.

Washington Post
Aug 25, 2004 The Real Scandal About Vietnam

QUOTE: Despite Bush administration promises that a bilateral trade agreement would bring greater openness and freedom in Vietnam, the Vietnamese government has only expanded its persecution of its own people.

Washington Post
Jan 10, 2003 U.S. Hints It Will Sue EU Over Altered Crops: Complaint About Food Ban Would Go to WTO

QUOTE: ...anti-biotech rules in Europe are a response to unreasonable public fears, not to meaningful scientific research, and therefore represent trade discrimination against U.S. agricultural products.

Washington Post
Jan 09, 2003 E.U. Ban on Genetically Modified Food Criticized

QUOTE: The Bush administration's top trade official announced today that he wanted to file a case against the European Union for its ban on genetically modified food, calling the European position "Luddite" and "immoral" for leading to starvation in the developing world.

New York Times